How Ethereum Mining Works
Today, miners play an important role in making sure ethereum works. This role isn't immediately obvious, though. Many new users think that the sole purpose of mining is to generate ethers in a way that doesn't require a central issuer (seeour guide" What is Ether? "). This is true. Ethereum's tokens are created through the process of mining at a rate of 5 ether per mined block. But mining also has another at least asimportant role. Usually, banks are in charge of keeping accurate records of transactions. They ensure that money isn't created out of thin air, and that users don't cheat and spend their money more than once. Blockchains, though, introduce an entirely new way of record-keeping, one where the entire network, rather than an intermediary, verifies transactions and adds them to the public ledger. Although a 'trustless' or 'trust-minimizing' monetary system is the goal, someone still needs to securethe financial records, ensuring that no one cheats. Mining is one innovation that makes decentralized record-keeping possible. Miners come to consensus about the transaction history while preventing fraud (notably the double spending of ethers) an interesting problem that hadnt been solved in decentralized currencies before proof-of-work blockchains. Although ethereum is looking into other methods of coming to consensus about the validity of transactions, mining currently holds the platform together. Today, ethereum's mining process is almost the same as bitcoins . For each block of transactions, miners use computers to repeatedly and very quickly guess answers to a puzzle until one of them wins. More specifically, the miners will run the blocks unique header metadata (including timestamp and software version) through a hash function (which will return a fixed-length, Continue reading >>
How To Mine Ethereum On Your Pc
Hoover up some Ether using your home computer The cryptocurrency revolution is largely down to enthusiastic 'miners', who build or use their own machines to perform the complex proof of work algorithms to process data blocks, creating more of their chosen currency such as Bitcoin and Ethereum. Specialized mining equipment is available online and you can even rent processing power from companies such as Genesis Mining (weve got a guide on how to do this here ). However, if your home computer is powerful enough there's no reason you can't get started mining Ethereum today. In this guide, you'll learn how to use the friendly MinerGate client. This handy program quickly and easily connects you to MinerGate's mining pool from where you can share some of your machines resources, and then subsequently share in the rewards of generating Ether. Before you begin, remember that the actual amount of hard cash you'll make from doing this will vary depending on the mining difficulty, the fluctuating price of Ether and how powerful your hardware is. MinerGate has a built-in benchmarking tool to give you a rough idea how much you stand to make per year, although this doesn't take into account the electricity used by your machine. Open your browser and navigate to . Click on the button marked Download Miner & Start Mining. If you're using Microsoft Edge, you can click Run to launch the installer at this stage. Windows 10 will ask you to confirm that you wish to allow MinerGate to make changes to your system. Click Yes. Setup will now launch. Close down any other open apps and agree to the license agreement. On the next screen (Install Options), select Add MinerGate to the system PATH for current user as well as Create MinerGate Desktop Icon. Click Next, then Install. Once MinerGate has Continue reading >>
Beginner's Guide To Ethereum Mining In 2017 - How To Mine Ethereum On Your Pc?
Last updated on August 15th, 2017 at 11:06 pm Getting Started with Ethereum Mining the video guide The good news is that getting started with Ethereum Mining is now easier than ever. You do not need to download the full Ethereum blockchain, which is now over 20+ GBs and still growing! You also do not need to manage clunky command line miners with manual instructions. For purposes of this guide, we are going to do a detailed walk-through of setting up and using the very popular Claymore Miner. Get the current version here from Claymores original Bitcointalk thread and then follow along with the steps in this video. The whole process of getting a wallet setup, downloading your miner, configuring things in Windows and setting up your batch file to run should take less than 10 minutes: If youre new to mining Ethereum , this guide covers all the important facts in a simple, low-jargon way. Lets start with some short answers to common questions about Ethereum mining: Q: Whyshould Imine Ethereum tokens (aka ether or ETH)? doesnt mining Ether take up a lot of electricity? A: If done properly, more money is earned by selling mined ETH than is spent on electricity. In other words, its profitable! You can check out the profitability with our Ethereum mining calculator . Q: Can I mine with my CPU (Personal computersprocessor) instead ofan expensive graphics card (GPU)? A: GPUs are so much faster that CPU-mining is no longer profitable or worthwhile. Even entry-level GPUs are about 200 times faster than CPUs for mining purposes. Q: Whats the best GPU to use for getting the most ETH for the least electricity? A: AMD cards tend to edge out similarly-priced NVidia cards in terms of efficiency. We cover the best cards to get under the heading GPU Hardware further down in this post. Q: Continue reading >>
Ethereum: What Is Ethereum Mining? - The Economic Times
The maximum number of bitcoins are capped at 21 million while the total ether supply has no such cap Ethereum mining is fundamentally similar to bitcoin mining. Both use proof of work (PoW). PoW is a competitive activity that miners undertake to write transactions to a new block that will be added to the blockchain . A miner successfully mines a new block while competing with fellow miners by running a hashing script. Karan Bharadwaj, CTO of XinFin said, The specific scripts used in mining for bitcoin and ethereum are SHA-256(based script) and Ethash. Each block mined on ethereum also gives a payout of 5 ether to the miner. The bitcoin payout per block mined is 12.5 BTC that is set to halve to 6.25 in 2020. The maximum number of bitcoins are capped at 21 million while the total ether supply has no such cap. The developers behind the ethereum blockchain are working on shifting the mining algorithm from Proof of Work to Proof of Stake (PoS). PoS allows for the creation of new blocks with the expensive process of PoW mining. In PoS, each node participates in the consensus mechanism in a proportional manner to the stake (of the Ethereum blockchain) held by it, said Bharadwaj. With this shift to PoS, the block reward goes away and the miners are paid only in the form of transaction fees. This shift to PoS is going to remove the wasteful energy intensive process of mining while introducing additional security benefits to an already robust protocol. However, it is important to note that this is a very challenging implementation and not without complications. Rachit Chawla, CEO, Finway Capital said, Somewhat similar to bitcoin, Ethereum is also a popular cryptocurrency and ethereum mining is the process of mining ether; platform-specific cryptographic token, or simply, a uniqu Continue reading >>
How To Mine Ethereum In 5min
Surprisingly, all you need is an AWS EC2 instance to start mining Ethereum. Im sure youve already heard of the cryptocurrency craze way before reading this post. Cryptocurrencies are slowly and quietly revolutionizing the way financial systems and transactions work (and should work in my opinion). With Bitcoin hitting its $6K mark not awhile ago, a current total of $158B in market cap and hundreds of ICOs (Initial Coin Offering) conducted since August, its sure to say theres a bubble in the cryptocurrency space. Whats more, is that it doesnt seem this bubble is going anywhere, anytime soon. As you can see in the graph below, the total market cap of cryptocurrencies has grown from under $50B to over $150 in under a year! So what would be the best way to enter this space and enjoy the growth? Im not a cryptocurrency expert, however, from my research Ive found that the answer is pretty clear across all opinions: If youre looking for quick earnings, just invest incoins. However, due to this ever-growing crypto market, mining in the short term could lead to significant earnings in the long term. Personally, Im very interested in Ethereum , and have found an effortless way to start mining it quickly on AWS! This post will walk you through the process. But before we start, lets go over some basics. If youre already familiar with them, just scroll down. Ethereum is an open software platform based on the blockchain technology that enables developers to build and deploy decentralized applications. The advantage of Ethereum over Bitcoin, is that it can support many different types of decentralized applications. Ethereum has the second largest market cap after Bitcoin, and has gained massive growth in the last year with over 230% as you can see below: However, increasing growth in Continue reading >>
What Is Ethereum? What Is Ethereum Mining & How Does It Work?
What is Ethereum? What is Ethereum Mining? Jordan Tuwiner Last updated July 13, 2017 Ethereum is more than a cryptocurrency. Its an open source shared world computing platform. A world computer that allows for the decentralized verification of transactions for any Turing-viable implementation. Thanks to Ethereum, Blockchain technologies are now easy to employ without having to reinvent the wheel. It is clear that Ethereum grew out of desire to apply Bitcoin/Blockchain concepts to realms outside of money. As a result, it provides open source platform to developers who seek to write decentralized applications. This appeals to developers who seek an easy introduction to Blockchain projects A series of innovative features definite Ethereum. As a result of its extended capabilities, Ethereum comes with two types of accounts . EOA, or Externally Owned Accounts, provide bitcoin-like capabilities such as providing a balance that is secured by private keys. Contract Accounts provide the Turing Complete room for application development that makes the protocol so desirable. These accounts are used as holding objects to constitute Smart-contracts which provide Ethereums capability for accommodating decentralized autonomous organizations; a way of structuring organizations without a vulnerable center. Most importantly, Ethereum capitalizes on the realization that consensus allows for currency and currency allows for consensus by providing economic incentive. As such, verifications are paid for on a pay-per-use basis, a system that replaces mining as we know it from Bitcoin. Ethereum right now uses PoW mining to secure its chain. Vitalik Buterin, the creator of Ethereum, stressed that his idea was fueled by the desire to [Avoid] the swiss-army knife protocol . That is to say that us Continue reading >>
Ethereum (ether) Mining
Blocks are generated on average every 12 seconds. The block reward is 5 ETH. Genesis Mining is the largest Ether cloud mining provider. Ethereum cloud mining contracts are available for purchase and the prices are as follows: You can also read this cloud mining guide to learn how to mine Ether using Amazons cloud servers. As with any cryptocurrency, Ethereum mining profitability depends on many factors. The hash rate of your miners in relation to the total network hash rate will determine your share of earnings. Your earnings can also vary depending on Ethers price relative to fiat currencies like the US dollar. More efficient mining hardware will also increase profitability. The more efficient your hardware can convert electricity to Ether, the higher your profit margins. An Ethereum mining profitability calculator can be used to determine a rough estimate of your earnings based on your hash rate, the network hash rate, block time, and the price of one ETH. Two examples of calculators can be found at EtherScan and Badmofo . Although Ethereum has only recently gained popularity, there are already a few Ethereum mining pools. The two most popular pools are: Continue reading >>
Introduction | Ethereum Frontier Guide
The word mining originates in the context of the gold analogy for crypto currencies. Gold or precious metals are scarce, so are digital tokens, and the only way to increase the total volume is through mining it. This is appropriate to the extent that in Ethereum too, the only mode of issuance post launch is via the mining. Unlike these examples however, mining is also the way to secure the network by creating, verifying, publishing and propagating blocks in the blockchain. Mining Ether = Securing the network = verify computation Ethereum Frontier like all blockchain technologies uses an incentive-driven model of security. Consensus is based on choosing the block with the highest total difficulty. Miners produce blocks which the others check for validity. Among other well-formedness criteria, a block is only valid if it contains proof of work (PoW) of a given difficulty. Note that in Ethereum 1.1, this is likely gonna be replaced by a proof of stake model. [The proof of work algorithm used is called Ethash (a modified version of Dagger-Hashimoto involves finding a nonce input to the algorithm so that the result is below a certain threshold depending on the difficulty. The point in PoW algorithms is that there is no better strategy to find such a nonce than enumerating the possibilities while verification of a solution is trivial and cheap. If outputs have a uniform distribution, then we can guarantee that on average the time needed to find a nonce depends on the difficulty threshold, making it possible to control the time of finding a new block just by manipulating difficulty. The difficulty dynamically adjusts so that on average one block is produced by the entire network every 12 seconds (ie., 12 s block time). This heartbeat basically punctuates the synchronisation o Continue reading >>
Ethereum Mining 101: Your Complete Guide
The world has gone digital, from the development of smart homes to the development of innovations that promote seamless transactions. Every industry is feeling the impact of technology now more than ever. In every part of the world, the technologically driven goals remain the same: the maximization of profit and the promotion of sustainable development in all spheres of life. It is this yearning to make life as easy as possible that brought about the birth of cryptocurrency . Ethereum seeks to make these aspirations come true. The platform boasts of several applications that help users carry out everyday tasks in a simple fashion. What is Mining, Ethereum Mining and Where Does Ether Come From? Mining is a computationally intensive work that requires a lot of processing power and time. Mining is the act of participating in a given peer distributed cryptocurrency network in consensus. The miner is subsequently rewarded for providing solutions to challenging math problems. It is done by putting the computer's hardware to use with mining applications. All the information on cryptocurrency transactions must be embedded in data blocks. Each block is linked internally to several other blocks. This creates the blockchain . These blocks must be analyzed as fast as possible to ensure a smooth running of transactions on the platform. However, the issuers of such currencies do not have the processing capabilities to handle this alone. It is where miners come in. A miner is an investor that devotes time, computer space and energy to sorting through blocks. When the mining process hits the right harsh, they will submit their solutions to the issuer. After verification, the issuer of the currency offers rewards which are portions of the transactions they helped in verifying. They als Continue reading >>
What Is Ether?
Ether is a necessary element a fuel for operating the distributed application platform Ethereum. It is a form of payment made by the clients of the platform to the machines executing the requested operations. To put it another way, ether is the incentive ensuring that developers write quality applications (wasteful code costs more), and that the network remains healthy (people are compensated for their contributed resources). If you just want to test the technology, you probably don't need real ether. Download the latest Wallet app and switch to the Test Network Check your ether presale balance safely here: The total supply of ether and its rate of issuance was decided by the donations gathered on the 2014 presale. The results were roughly: 60 million ether created to contributors of the presale 12 Million (20% of the above) were created to the development fund, most of it going to early contributors and developers and the remaining to the Ethereum Foundation 5 ethers are created every block (roughly 15 seconds) to the miner of the block 2-3 ethers are sometimes sent to another miner if they were also able to find a solution but his block wasn't included (called uncle/aunt reward) Note that after the Byzantium update is implemented, the mining and uncle reward is reduced to 3 ethers and 0.625-2.625 ethers, respectively. No. According to the terms agreed by all parties on the 2014 presale, issuance of ether is capped at 18 million ether per year (this number equals 25% of the initial supply). This means that while the absolute issuance is fixed, the relative inflation is decreased every year. In theory if this issuance was kept indefinitely then at some point the rate of new tokens created every year would reach the average amount lost yearly (by misuse, accidental key Continue reading >>
Ethereum Price: How To Mine Ethereum And How Does Ether Work?
Ethereum price: How to mine Ethereum and how does Ether work? Ethereum price: How to mine Ethereum and how does Ether work? ETHEREUM has taken the cryptocurrency market by storm over the past 12 months, rising exponentially to become the second biggest crypto on the planet. But how can you mine Ethereum and how does it work? Ethereums price has stalled on the market over the past few weeks plunging more than 50 percent from an all time high of $1,433 on January 13 to about $700 today (February 5). Below is a beginners guide to Ethereum mining, but be aware the process requires more computing power than when the cryptocurrency was first released. Ethereum is an open software platform that, like bitcoin , is based on blockchain technology, enabling users to build decentralised applications. Launched by Vitalik Buterin in 2015, Ethereum aims to allow users to make anonymous digital payments across international borders without the need of a traditional bank or third party. Ethereums cryptocurrency Ether (ETH) can be mined by setting a computer to solve cryptographic puzzles. Whenever your computer cracks the code, you will be rewarded with five Ether coins. LiteCoin is going down with the market dip Once you have a wallet, you are ready to download the software necessary to mine Ethereum. Be extremely careful at this stage of the process as there is a lot of malware online designed to steal your cryptos. A full guide to GPU mining can be found on Ethereum.org. Ethereum mining requires a special GPU dedicated to the process, though you might want to consider the more expensive option of a mining rig, made up of multiple GPUs. In the early days of Ethereum, miners could get away with less powerful machines but, as more ether tokens were found, heavier-duty tech was required Continue reading >>
How To Mine Ethereum On A Windows Pc?
You can also mine Ethereum Classic (ETC) if you start your geth in Step 7with the param --oppose-dao-fork. Read this ifyou want to understand what Ethereum Classic is . Running a CPU you might be able to generate 0.15 Mega Hashes whilst with a decent GPU with enough memory you could be doing upwards 25 Mega Hashes ( you can choose a GPU to mine ether here and use our guide on how to choose a GPUto mine ether ). So in terms of total efficiency, taking into account electrical costs, a GPU is definitely worth it even if it costs you $200. You can also try buying a cloud mining contract with Hashflare or Genesis Mining . Part 1 - Installing GETH, Syncing the Blockchain & creating your own address! Step 1: The first thing you need to do is go to this link download Geth . Geth is the program that communicates with the Ethereum Network and acts as the a relay between your computer, its hardware and the rest of the ethereum network computers so if a block is mined by another computer your Geth program will pick it up and then pass on the new information onto your GPU or CPU for mining. Step 2: You need to unzip the GETH file and move it to a location on your hard drive. In this case we'll move it to the hard drive, usually (C:) - which will make the next step easier. All you need to do is copy the file you have downloaded and unzipped and move it to the hard drive folder. Step 3:Now you need to run the program you just downloaded. To do this you need to run Command Prompt. You can do this by searching in the search function in Windows for "CMD" and then clicking on it when it shows up. Step 4: Command Prompt is now open - and can look terrifying to people who aren't familiar with it. The Command Prompt box usually has C:\Users\Username>showing in it - where Username is your us Continue reading >>
The Real Cost Of Mining Ethereum
Image Credit: Vitaliy Karimov/Shutterstock Just how profitable is it to mine Ethereum? To properly answer this question, lets start at the beginning: Lets construct a hypothetical mining rig, plug in some reasonable numbers, and come up with a pragmatic analysis of how much you can earn through Ethereum mining. Lets also hold the price of Ethereum static. By removing any profitability from the appreciation of Ethereum from the equation, well be able to correlate the actual rates of return exclusively with hardware, electricity, and any other costs associated with running a mining rig. Our assumption set uses numbers from January of 2018 that you can see below (we have done our best to use reasonable and middle-ground numbers): As you can see here, our hypothetical mining rig is more efficient and profitable than some of the best mining equipment on the market right now. We are assuming four GPUs that mine 40 MH/s each. The hardware specs are four GPUs, plus a processor, a motherboard, and a power supply rated at 1,000 Watts of electricity. The cost of this rig would be approximately $3,000. A reasonable cost of power is approximately 10 cents per kwh. This is below the national average for retail power rates in the U.S. To run a mining rig you will likely pay at least 10 cents per 1,000 watts run for each hour. This means one full day of mining comes with an electricity cost of $2.40. We will also use the block reward and block difficulty from January of 2018 as our base point. And we assume mining with a single rig is only reasonable when working with a mining pool. Some mining pools take up to 10 percent of your earnings, but some of the best only take 1 percent. For that reason, weve pick a modest 1.5 percent. Taking several points across Etherescans historical char Continue reading >>
Mining Ethereum/wiki Wiki Github
The word mining originates in the context of the gold analogy for crypto currencies. Gold or precious metals are scarce, so are digital tokens, and the only way to increase the total volume is through mining it. This is appropriate to the extent that in Ethereum too, the only mode of issuance post launch is via the mining. Unlike these examples however, mining is also the way to secure the network by creating, verifying, publishing and propagating blocks in the blockchain. Mining Ether = Securing the network = verify computation Ethereum Frontier like all blockchain technologies uses an incentive-driven model of security. Consensus is based on choosing the block with the highest total difficulty.Miners produce blocks which the others check for validity. Among other well-formedness criteria, a block is only valid if it contains proof of work (PoW) of a given difficulty.Note that in Ethereum 1.1, this is likely going to be replaced by a proof of stake model. The proof of work algorithm used is called Ethash (a modified version of Dagger-Hashimoto ) involves finding a nonce input to the algorithm so that the result is below a certain threshold depending on the difficulty. The point in PoW algorithms is that there is no better strategy to find such a nonce than enumerating the possibilities while verification of a solution is trivial and cheap. If outputs have a uniform distribution, then we can guarantee that on average the time needed to find a nonce depends on the difficulty threshold, making it possible to control the time of finding a new block just by manipulating difficulty. The difficulty dynamically adjusts so that on average one block is produced by the entire network every 12 seconds (ie., 12 s block time). This heartbeat basically punctuates the synchronisation Continue reading >>
How Do You Mine Ethereum?
By Nathan Reiff | February 9, 2018 3:18 PM EST Ethereum, like most cryptocurrencies, relies on the work of miners. While it's easy to assume that miners work to generate ether tokens (ETH) so that these tokens do not need to be created by a central issuer, there is more to the process of mining than this. ETH is generated through the mining process at a fixed rate of 5 ETH per block. Mining is also essential for a variety of other reasons: it helps to provide a log of the total pool of ETH which is available through the ethereum blockchain, thereby preventing fraudulent activity. It can also be a profitable venture for an individual. Before one can begin the process of mining ETH, though, it's essential to know a bit about how ethereum mining works. (See also: What Is Ether? Is It the Same as Ethereum? ) The process of mining for ethereum is very similar to that of bitcoin mining. Miners utilize powerful computers to make educated guesses about complex mathematical problems. This system is known as " proof of work ," because it requires that miners go through the puzzle-solving process in order to receive their ETH reward. Mining is accomplished by running unique metadata like timestamp and software versions for a block of transactions through a hash function repeatedly. Each repetition alters the " nonce value," which has an impact on the resulting hash value (a scrambled string of letters and numbers with a fixed length and a random appearance). If the hash value matches up with the current target for the block, the miner is rewarded with ETH, and the block is transmitted across the network so that each node in the network can validate the process and update the blockchain ledger. Other miners who had previously worked on solving the puzzle will move on to the next b Continue reading >>