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What The Ethereum Metropolis Update Means For The Eth Holder

What The Ethereum Metropolis Update Means For The Eth Holder

What the Ethereum Metropolis Update Means For the ETH Holder On the first day of the month of August, the Bitcoin blockchain got split and gave rise to a completely new currency bitcoin cash. The miners backing the bitcoin cash blockchain were successful in officially branching off and ultimately added blocks to a new and separate blockchain. The backers of bitcoin cash believe that an economy can be built around the new currency and its blockchain. In the light of this, there is an expected update of the Ethereum blockchain. Ethereum is currently the second most popular cryptocurrency after bitcoin. This update of the Ethereum blockchain is called the Metropolis and it will be the third of four planned stages of the blockchains development. In fact this Metropolis update of Ethereum is expected to be in two parts; two hard forks Byzantium and Constantinople. The fork is projected to occur between the 22nd of September and the 27th of October. To the regular ETH holder, a better experience with the blockchain will be a welcome development and this is exactly what the Ethereum update seeks to do. It is expected that with this update, the Ethereum blockchain will be more secure and also will be more robustly equipped against any potential hack attempt by quantum computers. Ethereums anonymity is expected to be enhanced through the integration of Zcashs cryptographic engine (zk-SNARKS). This will enable direct order and trade executions between the Ethereum and Zcash blockchains. Ethereum mining will be moved from proof-of-work to proof-of-stake which will help reduce the amount of electricity consumed in mining the cryptocurrency. The decision about mining difficulty was however been delayed but rewards to miners have been reduced. Additionally, it is expected that there Continue reading >>

Ethereum - Wikipedia

Ethereum - Wikipedia

This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page . This article relies too much on references to primary sources . Please improve this by adding secondary or tertiary sources . Some of this article's listed sources may not be reliable . Please help this article by looking for better, more reliable sources. Unreliable citations may be challenged or deleted. The Ethereum Project's logo, first used in 2014 Ethereum is an open-source , public, blockchain -based distributed computing platform featuring smart contract (scripting) functionality. [2] It provides a decentralized Turing-complete virtual machine , the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), which can execute scripts using an international network of public nodes. Ethereum also provides a cryptocurrency token called "ether", which can be transferred between accounts and used to compensate participant nodes for computations performed. [3] "Gas", an internal transaction pricing mechanism, is used to mitigate spam and allocate resources on the network. [2] [4] Ethereum was proposed in late 2013 by Vitalik Buterin , a cryptocurrency researcher and programmer. Development was funded by an online crowdsale between July and August 2014. [5] The system went live on 30 July 2015, with 11.9 million coins "premined" for the crowdsale. [6] This accounts for approximately 13 percent of the total circulating supply. In 2016, as a result of the collapse of The DAO project, Ethereum was forked into two separate blockchains - the new forked version became Ethereum (ETH), and the original continued as Ethereum Classic (ETC). [7] [8] [9] Ethereum was initially described in a white paper by Vitalik Buterin , [10] a programmer involved with Bitcoin Magazine , in late 2013 with a goal of buildin Continue reading >>

How Does Ethereum Work,anyway?

How Does Ethereum Work,anyway?

Odds are youve heard about the Ethereum blockchain, whether or not you know what it is. Its been in the news a lot lately, including the cover of some major magazines, but reading those articles can be like gibberish if you dont have a foundation for what exactly Ethereum is. So what is it? In essence, a public database that keeps a permanent record of digital transactions. Importantly, this database doesnt require any central authority to maintain and secure it. Instead it operates as a trustless transactional system a framework in which individuals can make peer-to-peer transactions without needing to trust a third party OR one another. Still confused? Thats where this post comes in. My aim is to explain how Ethereum functions at a technical level, without complex math or scary-looking formulas. Even if youre not a programmer, I hope youll walk away with at least better grasp of the tech. If some parts are too technical and difficult to grok, thats totally fine! Theres really no need to understand every little detail. I recommend just focusing on understanding things at a broad level. Many of the topics covered in this post are a breakdown of the concepts discussed in the yellow paper. Ive added my own explanations and diagrams to make understanding Ethereum easier. Those brave enough to take on the technical challenge can also read the Ethereum yellow paper. A blockchain is a cryptographically secure transactional singleton machine with shared-state. [1] Thats a mouthful, isnt it? Lets break it down. Cryptographically secure means that the creation of digital currency is secured by complex mathematical algorithms that are obscenely hard to break. Think of a firewall of sorts. They make it nearly impossible to cheat the system (e.g. create fake transactions, erase tr Continue reading >>

Ethereum Mining 101: Your Complete Guide

Ethereum Mining 101: Your Complete Guide

The world has gone digital, from the development of smart homes to the development of innovations that promote seamless transactions. Every industry is feeling the impact of technology now more than ever. In every part of the world, the technologically driven goals remain the same: the maximization of profit and the promotion of sustainable development in all spheres of life. It is this yearning to make life as easy as possible that brought about the birth of cryptocurrency . Ethereum seeks to make these aspirations come true. The platform boasts of several applications that help users carry out everyday tasks in a simple fashion. What is Mining, Ethereum Mining and Where Does Ether Come From? Mining is a computationally intensive work that requires a lot of processing power and time. Mining is the act of participating in a given peer distributed cryptocurrency network in consensus. The miner is subsequently rewarded for providing solutions to challenging math problems. It is done by putting the computer's hardware to use with mining applications. All the information on cryptocurrency transactions must be embedded in data blocks. Each block is linked internally to several other blocks. This creates the blockchain . These blocks must be analyzed as fast as possible to ensure a smooth running of transactions on the platform. However, the issuers of such currencies do not have the processing capabilities to handle this alone. It is where miners come in. A miner is an investor that devotes time, computer space and energy to sorting through blocks. When the mining process hits the right harsh, they will submit their solutions to the issuer. After verification, the issuer of the currency offers rewards which are portions of the transactions they helped in verifying. They als Continue reading >>

Ethereum Definition | Investopedia

Ethereum Definition | Investopedia

Launched in 2015, Ethereum is a decentralized software platform that enables SmartContracts and Distributed Applications (Apps) to be built and run without any downtime, fraud, control or interference from a third party. Ethereum is not just a platform but also a programming language (Turing complete) running on a blockchain, helping developers to build and publish distributed applications. The potential applications of Ethereum are wide ranging. The applications on Ethereum are run on its platform-specific cryptographic token, ether. During 2014, Ethereum had launched a pre-sale for ether which had received an overwhelming response. Ether is like a vehicle for moving around on the Ethereum platform, and is sought by mostly developers looking to develop and run applications inside Ethereum. Ether is used broadly for two purposes, it is traded as a digital currency exchange like other cryptocurrencies and is used inside Ethereum to run applications and even to monetize work. The current market cap of ether (ETH) is now more than Ripple and Litecoin although its far behind bitcoin (BTC). According to Ethereum, it can be used to codify, decentralize, secure and trade just about anything. One of the big projects around Ethereum is Microsofts partnership with ConsenSys which offers Ethereum Blockchain as a Service (EBaaS) on Microsoft Azure so Enterprise clients and developers can have a single click cloud based blockchain developer environment. Continue reading >>

Ether | Definition Of Ether By Merriam-webster

Ether | Definition Of Ether By Merriam-webster

1 a : the rarefied element formerly believed to fill the upper regions of space 2 a : a light volatile flammable liquid C4H10O used chiefly as a solvent and especially formerly as an anesthetic b : any of a class of organic compounds characterized by an oxygen atom attached to two carbon atoms 3 a or less commonly aether play \-thr\ : a medium that in the wave theory of light permeates all space and transmits transverse waves Continue reading >>

What Is Ethereum? A Step-by-step Beginners Guide

What Is Ethereum? A Step-by-step Beginners Guide

If you want to know what is Ethereum and how it works and what it can be used for, without going deep into the technical abyss, this guide is perfect for you. Important Note: This guide assumes a basic understanding of blockchain technology. If youre unfamiliar with blockchain, check out this step by step introduction for beginners . Beyond Bitcoin & first generation decentralized applications Although commonly associated with Bitcoin , blockchain technology has many other applications that go way beyond digital currencies. In fact, Bitcoin is only one of several hundred applications that use blockchain technology today. [Blockchain] is to Bitcoin, what the internet is to email. A big electronic system, on top of which you can build applications. Currency is just one. Sally Davies, FT Technology Reporter Until relatively recently, building blockchain applications has required a complex background in coding, cryptography, mathematics as well as significant resources. But times have changed. Previously unimagined applications, from electronic voting & digitally recorded property assets to regulatory compliance & trading are now actively being developed and deployed faster than ever before. By providing developers with the tools to build decentralized applications, Ethereum is making all of this possible. At its simplest, Ethereum is an open software platform based on blockchain technology that enables developers to build and deploy decentralized applications. Is Ethereum similar to Bitcoin? Well, sort of, but not really. Like Bitcoin , Ethereum is a distributed public blockchain network. Although there are some significant technical differences between the two, the most important distinction to note is that Bitcoin and Ethereum differ substantially in purpose and capabil Continue reading >>

How Is Ethereum Different From Bitcoin?

How Is Ethereum Different From Bitcoin?

{{article.article.images.featured.caption}} Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. The author is a Forbes contributor. The opinions expressed are those of the writer. This story appears in the {{article.article.magazine.pretty_date}} issue of {{article.article.magazine.pubName}}. Subscribe Answer by Samantha Radocchia , Emerging Technologies Entrepreneur and Scholar, on Quora : The Primary Difference Between Ethereum And Bitcoin: A Beginners Guide Todays hype surrounding Bitcoin, Ethereum, cryptocurrency, and blockchain technologies rivals the dot-com bubble in the 90s. There is a lot of money pouring into this space, and it doesnt seem to be slowing down anytime soon. Unfortunately, while the masses may be able to say, Yeah, Ive heard of Bitcoin, a large percentage of people still arent quite sure what it isand are even more confused about Ethereum. If youre even remotely interested in this space, consider this your beginners guide. The easiest way to define Bitcoin is to call it a digital dollar. Thats really all it isminus all the formal regulations that come with a bank (which is what makes it such a disruptive concept). Its not a technology. Its not a company. Its your money, held in a digital form. Anyone can create an account to buy and sell Bitcoin through websites like Coinbase. The price of Bitcoin then fluctuates based on supply and demand. However, now people are beginning to convert their Bitcoin into what are called tokens, which companies issue during an ICO, or Initial Coin Offering, which allows people to invest in a company by purchasing tokens with their Bitcoin. Based on the supply and demand of those tokens, their price (just like a share of stock after a company holds an Initial Public Offering, otherwise known as an IPO) goes up Continue reading >>

What Is Ethereum? What Is Ethereum Mining & How Does It Work?

What Is Ethereum? What Is Ethereum Mining & How Does It Work?

What is Ethereum? What is Ethereum Mining? Jordan Tuwiner Last updated July 13, 2017 Ethereum is more than a cryptocurrency. Its an open source shared world computing platform. A world computer that allows for the decentralized verification of transactions for any Turing-viable implementation. Thanks to Ethereum, Blockchain technologies are now easy to employ without having to reinvent the wheel. It is clear that Ethereum grew out of desire to apply Bitcoin/Blockchain concepts to realms outside of money. As a result, it provides open source platform to developers who seek to write decentralized applications. This appeals to developers who seek an easy introduction to Blockchain projects A series of innovative features definite Ethereum. As a result of its extended capabilities, Ethereum comes with two types of accounts . EOA, or Externally Owned Accounts, provide bitcoin-like capabilities such as providing a balance that is secured by private keys. Contract Accounts provide the Turing Complete room for application development that makes the protocol so desirable. These accounts are used as holding objects to constitute Smart-contracts which provide Ethereums capability for accommodating decentralized autonomous organizations; a way of structuring organizations without a vulnerable center. Most importantly, Ethereum capitalizes on the realization that consensus allows for currency and currency allows for consensus by providing economic incentive. As such, verifications are paid for on a pay-per-use basis, a system that replaces mining as we know it from Bitcoin. Ethereum right now uses PoW mining to secure its chain. Vitalik Buterin, the creator of Ethereum, stressed that his idea was fueled by the desire to [Avoid] the swiss-army knife protocol . That is to say that us Continue reading >>

How Ethereum Mining Works

How Ethereum Mining Works

Today, miners play an important role in making sure ethereum works. This role isn't immediately obvious, though. Many new users think that the sole purpose of mining is to generate ethers in a way that doesn't require a central issuer (seeour guide" What is Ether? "). This is true. Ethereum's tokens are created through the process of mining at a rate of 5 ether per mined block. But mining also has another at least asimportant role. Usually, banks are in charge of keeping accurate records of transactions. They ensure that money isn't created out of thin air, and that users don't cheat and spend their money more than once. Blockchains, though, introduce an entirely new way of record-keeping, one where the entire network, rather than an intermediary, verifies transactions and adds them to the public ledger. Although a 'trustless' or 'trust-minimizing' monetary system is the goal, someone still needs to securethe financial records, ensuring that no one cheats. Mining is one innovation that makes decentralized record-keeping possible. Miners come to consensus about the transaction history while preventing fraud (notably the double spending of ethers) an interesting problem that hadnt been solved in decentralized currencies before proof-of-work blockchains. Although ethereum is looking into other methods of coming to consensus about the validity of transactions, mining currently holds the platform together. Today, ethereum's mining process is almost the same as bitcoins . For each block of transactions, miners use computers to repeatedly and very quickly guess answers to a puzzle until one of them wins. More specifically, the miners will run the blocks unique header metadata (including timestamp and software version) through a hash function (which will return a fixed-length, Continue reading >>

Proof Of Stake Faq Ethereum/wiki Wiki Github

Proof Of Stake Faq Ethereum/wiki Wiki Github

See A Proof of Stake Design Philosophy for a more long-form argument. No need to consume large quantities of electricity in order to secure a blockchain (eg. it's estimated that both Bitcoin and Ethereum burn over $1 million worth of electricity and hardware costs per day as part of their consensus mechanism). Because of the lack of high electricity consumption, there is not as much need to issue as many new coins in order to motivate participants to keep participating in the network. It may theoretically even be possible to have negative net issuance, where a portion of transaction fees is "burned" and so the supply goes down over time. Proof of stake opens the door to a wider array of techniques that use game-theoretic mechanism design in order to better discourage centralized cartels from forming and, if they do form, from acting in ways that are harmful to the network (eg. like selfish mining in proof of work). Reduced centralization risks, as economies of scale are much less of an issue. $10 million of coins will get you exactly 10 times higher returns than $1 million of coins, without any additional disproportionate gains because at the higher level you can afford better mass-production equipment. Ability to use economic penalties to make various forms of 51% attacks vastly more expensive to carry out than proof of work - to paraphrase Vlad Zamfir, "it's as though your ASIC farm burned down if you participated in a 51% attack". How does proof of stake fit into traditional Byzantine fault tolerance research? There are several fundamental results from Byzantine fault tolerance research that apply to all consensus algorithms, including traditional consensus algorithms like PBFT but also any proof of stake algorithm and, with the appropriate mathematical modeling, pr Continue reading >>

What Is Ethereum? Here's Everything You Need To Know | Digital Trends

What Is Ethereum? Here's Everything You Need To Know | Digital Trends

Deep-learning algorithms help study brain waves to predict seizures Get today's popular DigitalTrends articles in your inbox: If you follow tech or financial news, youve probably seen the name Ethereum popping up over the last couple years, often in connection with bitcoin. Ethereum is a rising star in the world of cryptocurrencies , entirely digital forms of currency that grew in popularity after the creation of bitcoin by a person or group calling themselves Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009. Demand for Ethereum is so high that it may even be driving up the price of graphics cards , as miners try to generate as much currency as they can. What is Ethereum exactly, and what does it mean for the future of cryptocurrency (and maybe society)? Heres the rundown. People often refer to Ethereum as a cryptocurrency, but that isnt precisely true. It is a platform that allows individuals to conduct transactions and draw up contracts, using a currency called ether. To understand what distinguishes Ethereum from a cryptocurrency like bitcoin, it helps to understand what a cryptocurrency is, as well as the concept of a blockchain. A cryptocurrency is a form of digital currency created through encryption. A cryptocurrency has no physical form like a banknote or coin and it is not issued by a central bank or governmental authority. Units of cryptocurrency exist as data on the internet, and are created and managed through something called a blockchain. A blockchain is essentially a digital ledger, shared amongst any number of computers. When transactions occur, they are recorded in blocks; in order for these blocks to go into the ledger, they must be validated by a certain number of computers on the blockchain network. Crucially, the ledger exists, in the same form, for everyone on the networ Continue reading >>

What Does $200 Ether Mean? Mattereumhumanizing The Singularity Medium

What Does $200 Ether Mean? Mattereumhumanizing The Singularity Medium

Beyond good taste and evil.Global resilience guru. What do you do after it all goes wrong? And what about the poor, for whom it's never yet been right? Today, Ether hit $100 (update: its $300 now, five weeks later). Im sure by the time youre reading this it will be in The Guardian and the New York Times as a curiosity piece. Our market cap will approach thirty billion dollars. By all and any standards, this is a success beyond anything dreamt of when the project started, and the money raised will continue to finance technical innovation for years to come. While the impact and worth of a technology cannot be measured by money alone, on this occasion, celebration is appropriate. We have done well. For those of you who are new to the Ethereum show, let me explain what has just happened. Two years ago, I wrote Programmable Blockchains In Context , the Ethereum launch post. It was a huge success, sat on the front page of Hacker News for a day, and really set the conversation and tone around the Ethereum project, without over-promising. Ive learned a few things about explaining Ethereum now, and its not exactly what I would have written with hindsight, but its close enough that if you want the full depth chapter-and-verse on this new technology, thats where youd go. If you need more depth, the Ethereum Whitepaper by Vitalik Buterin, our leader, is still an absolute marvel of clarity and deep thinking. But assuming you are a more general reader, let me explain briefly what the technology is, so we can talk meaningfully about what $100 Ether means. Ethereum is a programmable blockchain. It was created by a small team built by Vitalik Buterin, who was (at the time the project started) famously young a CEO of a 20 person team with $18m of bitcoin in the bank. Many members of tha Continue reading >>

What Is Ether?

What Is Ether?

Ether is a necessary element a fuel for operating the distributed application platform Ethereum. It is a form of payment made by the clients of the platform to the machines executing the requested operations. To put it another way, ether is the incentive ensuring that developers write quality applications (wasteful code costs more), and that the network remains healthy (people are compensated for their contributed resources). If you just want to test the technology, you probably don't need real ether. Download the latest Wallet app and switch to the Test Network Check your ether presale balance safely here: The total supply of ether and its rate of issuance was decided by the donations gathered on the 2014 presale. The results were roughly: 60 million ether created to contributors of the presale 12 Million (20% of the above) were created to the development fund, most of it going to early contributors and developers and the remaining to the Ethereum Foundation 5 ethers are created every block (roughly 15 seconds) to the miner of the block 2-3 ethers are sometimes sent to another miner if they were also able to find a solution but his block wasn't included (called uncle/aunt reward) Note that after the Byzantium update is implemented, the mining and uncle reward is reduced to 3 ethers and 0.625-2.625 ethers, respectively. No. According to the terms agreed by all parties on the 2014 presale, issuance of ether is capped at 18 million ether per year (this number equals 25% of the initial supply). This means that while the absolute issuance is fixed, the relative inflation is decreased every year. In theory if this issuance was kept indefinitely then at some point the rate of new tokens created every year would reach the average amount lost yearly (by misuse, accidental key Continue reading >>

Urban Dictionary: Ether

Urban Dictionary: Ether

It makes you behave like the village drunkard in some early irish novel ... total loss of all basic motor skills: blurred vision, no balance, numb tongue---severance of all connection between the body and the brain . Which is intresting, because the brain continues to function more or less normally ... You can actually watch your self behaving in this terrible way, but you cant control it. A total body drug. The mind recoils horror, unable to communicate with the spinal column. You approach the turnstiles leading into the circus circus and you know that when you get there, you have to give the man 2 dollars or he wont let you in. But when you get there everything goes wrong: you misjudge the distance to the turnstile and slam against it, bounce off and grab hold of an old woman to keep from falling, some angry rotarian shoves you and you think: Whats happening here? Whats going on? Then you hear your self mumbling: "Dogs fucked the pope, no fault of mine. Watch out!... Why money ? My name is Brinks; I was born... born? Get sheep over side... woman and children to armoured car ... orders from captain Zeep. Ether is the perfect drug for las vegas. In this town they love a drunk. Fresh meat. So they put us through the turnstiles and turned us loose inside. Continue reading >>

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