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Ethereum Meaning

What Is The Gas In Ethereum?

What Is The Gas In Ethereum?

Gas is the internal pricing for running a transaction or contract in Ethereum . At the time of writing before the launch of Frontier it is fixed to 10 Szabo, which is about 1/100,000 of an Ether.It's to decouple the unit of Ether (ETH) and its market value from the unit to measure computational use (gas). Thus, a miner can decide to increase or decrease the use of gas according to its needs, while if need be, the price of gas can be increased or decreased accordingly, avoiding a situation in which an increase in the price of ETH would cause the need to change all gas prices. This is also a response to the discussion in bitcoin about fees structure. The gas system is not very different from the use of Kw for measuring electricity home use. One difference from actual energy market is that the originator of the transaction sets the price of gas, to which the miner can or not accept, this causes an emergence of a market around gas. You can see the evolution of the price of gas here: With Ethereum there is a blocksize limit too so youre paying for premium space in the next block just like with Bitcoin . With Bitcoin miners prioritise transaction with the highest mining fees. The same is true of Ethereum where miners are free to ignore transactions whose gas price limit is too low. The gas price per transaction or contract is set up to deal with the Turing Complete nature of Ethereum and its EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine Code) the idea being to limit infinite loops. So for example 10 Szabo, or 0.00001 Ether or 1 Gas can execute a line of code or some command. If there is not enough Ether in the account to perform the transaction or message then it is considered invalid. The idea is to stop denial of service attacks from infinite loops, encourage efficiency in the code and to Continue reading >>

How Is Ethereum Different From Bitcoin?

How Is Ethereum Different From Bitcoin?

{{article.article.images.featured.caption}} Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. The author is a Forbes contributor. The opinions expressed are those of the writer. This story appears in the {{article.article.magazine.pretty_date}} issue of {{article.article.magazine.pubName}}. Subscribe Answer by Samantha Radocchia , Emerging Technologies Entrepreneur and Scholar, on Quora : The Primary Difference Between Ethereum And Bitcoin: A Beginners Guide Todays hype surrounding Bitcoin, Ethereum, cryptocurrency, and blockchain technologies rivals the dot-com bubble in the 90s. There is a lot of money pouring into this space, and it doesnt seem to be slowing down anytime soon. Unfortunately, while the masses may be able to say, Yeah, Ive heard of Bitcoin, a large percentage of people still arent quite sure what it isand are even more confused about Ethereum. If youre even remotely interested in this space, consider this your beginners guide. The easiest way to define Bitcoin is to call it a digital dollar. Thats really all it isminus all the formal regulations that come with a bank (which is what makes it such a disruptive concept). Its not a technology. Its not a company. Its your money, held in a digital form. Anyone can create an account to buy and sell Bitcoin through websites like Coinbase. The price of Bitcoin then fluctuates based on supply and demand. However, now people are beginning to convert their Bitcoin into what are called tokens, which companies issue during an ICO, or Initial Coin Offering, which allows people to invest in a company by purchasing tokens with their Bitcoin. Based on the supply and demand of those tokens, their price (just like a share of stock after a company holds an Initial Public Offering, otherwise known as an IPO) goes up Continue reading >>

Ethereum Hard Fork. Whats Going Tohappen?

Ethereum Hard Fork. Whats Going Tohappen?

Developing Blockchain & Smart Contracts PoC and MVP for ICO startups and established companies Ethereum Hard Fork. Whats Going ToHappen? Recently I have received many questions about the Ethereum hard fork: what will happen with all the ERC20 tokens, which basically are smart contracts deployed to Ethereum. Therefore, I decided to perform a quick research and cover this topic as we are getting closer to Metropolis update, everyone should be informed and understand what will happen. Blockchain miners run the software to maintain the network, confirm transactions and earn mining fees. The software is being maintained and developed by the Network core developers and community. The main incentive for miners is profit, however, developers are seeking fast and effective network. This incentive mismatch is hard to align. Miners select which software to run. Therefore, we have issues when developers propose solutions which reduce mining profits and part of the miners disagree with changes. At a certain time, we have a fork, where half of the miners run one piece of software and other half operate with another software. This leads us to having two separate chains from a certain block and this results in having a chain split. Source: The bitcoin has experienced a hard fork and a chain split lately. That lead to Bitcoin and Bitcoin Cash. The chain split occurred because the miners have been divided into two parts and one side did not want to use the new proposed software. The result is that both networks are being maintained by miners. From a bitcoin owner perspective, your coins are available on both chains and you can start interacting with both networks. The Bitcoin chain split resulted in having the new cryptocurrency with a third size market cap. Due to high load on the netw Continue reading >>

Ethereum Vs Bitcoin: What's The Main Difference?

Ethereum Vs Bitcoin: What's The Main Difference?

12/20/2016 08:56 am ETUpdatedDec 06, 2017 Ethereum Vs Bitcoin: What's The Main Difference? While Bitcoin has long been dominant in the cryptocurrency scene, it is certainly not alone. Ethereum is another cryptocurrency related project that has attracted a lot of hype because of its additional features and applications. The first thing about Ethereum is that it is not just a digital currency. It is a blockchain-based platform with many aspects. It features smart contracts, the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) and it uses its currency called ether for peer-to-peer contracts. Ethereum's smart contracts use blockchain stored applications for contract negotiation and facilitation. The benefit of these contracts is that the blockchain provides a decentralized way to verify and enforce them. The decentralized aspect makes it incredibly difficult for fraud or censorship. Ethereum's smart contracts aim to provide greater security than traditional contracts and bring down the associated costs. The smart contract applications are powered by ether, Ethereum's blockchain based cryptocurrency. Ether, as well as other crypto-assets, are held in the Ethereum Wallet, which allows you to create and use smart contracts. The system has been described by the New York Times as.. "a single shared computer that is run by the network of users and on which resources are parceled out and paid for by ether." Implement Smart Contracts With Your Own Cryptocurrency Ethereum allows you to create digital tokens that can be used to represent virtual shares, assets, proof of membership and more. These smart contracts are compatible with any wallet, as well as exchanges that use a standard coin API. You can copy the code from Ethereum's website and then use your tokens for many purposes, including the repr Continue reading >>

What Is Ethereum? A Step-by-step Beginners Guide

What Is Ethereum? A Step-by-step Beginners Guide

If you want to know what is Ethereum and how it works and what it can be used for, without going deep into the technical abyss, this guide is perfect for you. Important Note: This guide assumes a basic understanding of blockchain technology. If youre unfamiliar with blockchain, check out this step by step introduction for beginners . Beyond Bitcoin & first generation decentralized applications Although commonly associated with Bitcoin , blockchain technology has many other applications that go way beyond digital currencies. In fact, Bitcoin is only one of several hundred applications that use blockchain technology today. [Blockchain] is to Bitcoin, what the internet is to email. A big electronic system, on top of which you can build applications. Currency is just one. Sally Davies, FT Technology Reporter Until relatively recently, building blockchain applications has required a complex background in coding, cryptography, mathematics as well as significant resources. But times have changed. Previously unimagined applications, from electronic voting & digitally recorded property assets to regulatory compliance & trading are now actively being developed and deployed faster than ever before. By providing developers with the tools to build decentralized applications, Ethereum is making all of this possible. At its simplest, Ethereum is an open software platform based on blockchain technology that enables developers to build and deploy decentralized applications. Is Ethereum similar to Bitcoin? Well, sort of, but not really. Like Bitcoin , Ethereum is a distributed public blockchain network. Although there are some significant technical differences between the two, the most important distinction to note is that Bitcoin and Ethereum differ substantially in purpose and capabil Continue reading >>

What Is Ethereum?

What Is Ethereum?

Traditional law is a form of agreement. It is an agreement among people and their leaders as to how people should behave. There are also legal contracts between individuals. These contracts are a form of private law that applies to the participants. Both types of agreement are enforced by a government's legal system. For example, if you loan someone money and they don't pay you back, you might take them to court. In practice, this is messy and unpredictable. Court cases require expensive lawyers to argue about the law, are often measured in years and even if you "win", you have the problem of collecting. Hopefully you wrote down the terms of that loan as a contract. However, the authors of laws and the writers of contracts face a special kind of challenge. Ideally, there should never be any confusion about the meaning of the agreement. But laws are written with words, and words are famously imprecise. There is no greater impediment to the advancement of knowledge than the ambiguity of words. So these are big problems with traditional law. Agreements are ambiguous. And enforcement is hard. Ethereum solves both these problems. It does this with the marriage of two special ingredients: a digital currency, and a complete programming language. Let's look at both. Ethereum includes a digital currency called ether. Ether has a lot in common with the famous digital currency Bitcoin. Both are a purely digital store of value and means of exchange that cannot be counterfeited. Both are implemented so that no one can manipulate the currency supply. Both can be transferred around the world, like email, and in a very final way, like cash. Both have value today because users expect them to have value tomorrow, and because they can do things traditional money cant. Ethereums other hal Continue reading >>

What Is Ethereum? | Cryptocompare.com

What Is Ethereum? | Cryptocompare.com

Ethereum is the new and improved crypto currency that is often called Bitcoin 2.0 except it allows you to do more through its internal programming language, so it isnt just a currency it is a lot more. In a lot of aspects Ethereum is similar to Bitcoin , you can mine it , it operates off a blockchain , and you can trade its underlying currency unit the Ether (ETH) , but in a lot of other ways it is a platform for building applications that go beyond Bitcoin. In this way it is creating its own distributed financial ecosystem. Ethereum was conceived in 2013 to bring crypto currency to the next level with Vitalik Buterin leading the charge. The idea was to fix some of the problems that Bitcoin was known for, such as the long confirmation times and the centralisation incentive of mining via pools which leads to the possibility of selfish mining and 51% attacks. Ethereum raised approximately $25million in from its crowdsale in 2014 and since then has been developing its own blockchain and Proof of Work , as well as its own internal programming language that allows for a variety of complex instruments and platforms to be created on top of it such as CFDs and decentralised autonomous organisations. Ethereum went through a vigorous testing phase called Olympic. The Frontier release that came out on the 30th of July 2015 reset all wallets back to the post fundraising meaning any transactions carried out in the Olympic phase were annulled. There are further planned releases that build on the Frontier Release, namely Homestead, Metropolis and Serenity - all expected to gradually make Ethereum more user friendly for the layman (at the moment its very technical). You can mine Ether with a GPU or buy a cloud mining contract with Hashflare or Genesis Mining . Continue reading >>

Ethereum - Wikipedia

Ethereum - Wikipedia

This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page . This article relies too much on references to primary sources . Please improve this by adding secondary or tertiary sources . Some of this article's listed sources may not be reliable . Please help this article by looking for better, more reliable sources. Unreliable citations may be challenged or deleted. The Ethereum Project's logo, first used in 2014 Ethereum is an open-source , public, blockchain -based distributed computing platform featuring smart contract (scripting) functionality. [2] It provides a decentralized Turing-complete virtual machine , the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), which can execute scripts using an international network of public nodes. Ethereum also provides a cryptocurrency token called "ether", which can be transferred between accounts and used to compensate participant nodes for computations performed. [3] "Gas", an internal transaction pricing mechanism, is used to mitigate spam and allocate resources on the network. [2] [4] Ethereum was proposed in late 2013 by Vitalik Buterin , a cryptocurrency researcher and programmer. Development was funded by an online crowdsale between July and August 2014. [5] The system went live on 30 July 2015, with 11.9 million coins "premined" for the crowdsale. [6] This accounts for approximately 13 percent of the total circulating supply. In 2016, as a result of the collapse of The DAO project, Ethereum was forked into two separate blockchains - the new forked version became Ethereum (ETH), and the original continued as Ethereum Classic (ETC). [7] [8] [9] Ethereum was initially described in a white paper by Vitalik Buterin , [10] a programmer involved with Bitcoin Magazine , in late 2013 with a goal of buildin Continue reading >>

Bitcoin And Ethereum Have A Hidden Power Structure, And Its Just Been Revealed

Bitcoin And Ethereum Have A Hidden Power Structure, And Its Just Been Revealed

Bitcoin and Ethereum have a hidden power structure, and its just been revealed Close examination reveals how power is being consolidated across their networks. In cryptocurrency circles, calling something centralized is an insult. The epithet stems from Bitcoin creator Satoshi Nakamotos revelation: a monetary system doesnt need a central authority, like a government, to work. Thats such a potent idea that its morphed into a battle among crypto-enthusiasts between goodthat is, decentralized currencies and evil ones, or anything with a whiff of centralization, that are assumed to threaten the utopian view of cryptocurrencies as the vehicle for a new financial world order. Do these arguments hold any water? Emin Gn Sirer , a cryptocurrency expert at Cornell University, says in many cases the jurys still outmainly because no ones bothered to take a hard look at how decentralized these networks actually are. This piece first appeared in our new twice-weekly newsletter, Chain Letter, which covers the world of blockchain and cryptocurrencies. Sign up here its free! We dont have any real metrics yet. he says. His group aims to help change that with newly published results from a two-year-long study focused on Bitcoin and Ethereum, the worlds most popular cryptocurrency networks. Can a booming crypto-currency really compete with conventional cash? Perhaps the most striking finding is that the process of verifying transactions and securing a blockchain ledger against attack, called mining, is not actually that decentralized in either system. Bitcoin and Ethereum are open blockchain systems, meaning that in principle anyone can be a miner (see What Bitcoin Is, and Why It Matters ). But organizations have formed to pool mining resources. The researchers found that the top four Bit Continue reading >>

What Is Ethereum? A Simple Guide To Meaning & Applications Of Ethereum

What Is Ethereum? A Simple Guide To Meaning & Applications Of Ethereum

What is Ethereum? A Simple Guide to Meaning & Applications of Ethereum This a layman's guide to the meaning, applications, and benefits of Ethereum. The language is kept simple and non-technical to help you easily grasp the basics. If you are a person curious about the Ethereum blockchain applications and development then this guide is a perfect start. Ethereum is blockchain based public ledger that allows for the development and deployment of decentralized applications. The entire platform is fueled via Ether. These crypto tokens are necessary to develop, deploy and run apps on the Ethereum blockchain. Ether is given as a payment by clients to underlying machines executing operations. It can be acquired by either trading or mining. I must clarify that unlike Bitcoin, Ethereum is not a cryptocurrency but a cryptocommodity. Though the background technology is similar, the purpose and capabilities are completely different. While Bitcoin serve as a peer to peer electronic cash system, Ethereum works as base level blockchain for running decentralized applications. (More on decentralized apps later) Read More: 5 Impacts of Bitcoin on the Economy Background Technology - Ethereum Virtual Machine: Vitalik Buterin, the founder of Ethereum, created an unconventional approach to blockchain development, EVM. The Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) is a Turing complete software that runs on the Ethereum blockchain. It allows the execution of code written in any language, given sufficient memory and time are available. Hence, instead of having to build separate blockchain for every application, developers can simply use the existing Ethereum network and run the application of choice. Want to know more about modern technologies? Catch the latest updates from your resources section and gra Continue reading >>

Glossary Ethereum/wiki Wiki Github

Glossary Ethereum/wiki Wiki Github

See also: Computational infeasibility: a process is computationally infeasible if it would take an impracticably long time (eg. billions of years) to do it for anyone who might conceivably have an interest in carrying it out. Generally, 280 computational steps is considered the lower bound for computational infeasibility. Hash: a hash function (or hash algorithm) is a process by which a piece of data of arbitrary size (could be anything; a piece of text, a picture, or even a list of other hashes) is processed into a small piece of data (usually 32 bytes) which looks completely random, and from which no meaningful data can be recovered about the document, but which has the important property that the result of hashing one particular document is always the same. Additionally, it is crucially important that it is computationally infeasible to find two documents that have the same hash. Generally, changing even one letter in a document will completely randomize the hash; for example, the SHA3 hash of "Saturday" is c38bbc8e93c09f6ed3fe39b5135da91ad1a99d397ef16948606cdcbd14929f9d, whereas the SHA3 hash of Caturday is b4013c0eed56d5a0b448b02ec1d10dd18c1b3832068fbbdc65b98fa9b14b6dbf. Hashes are usually used as a way of creating a globally agreed-upon identifier for a particular document that cannot be forged. Encryption: encryption is a process by which a document (plaintext) is combined with a shorter string of data, called a key (eg. c85ef7d79691fe79573b1a7064c19c1a9819ebdbd1faaab1a8ec92344438aaf4), to produce an output (ciphertext) which can be "decrypted" back into the original plaintext by someone else who has the key, but which is incomprehensible and computationally infeasible to decrypt for anyone who does not have the key. Public key encryption: a special kind of encr Continue reading >>

Blockchain - How Would I Explain Ethereum To A Non-technical Friend? - Ethereum Stack Exchange

Blockchain - How Would I Explain Ethereum To A Non-technical Friend? - Ethereum Stack Exchange

How would I explain Ethereum to a non-technical friend? I've recently attempted to explain Ethereum to several non-techy friends. My explanation usually involves starting with a comparison to Bitcoin, but this quickly becomes complicated as I then have to explain the backstory of how the Bitcoin blockchain works, which is similarly technical in nature. Is there a better way to describe the general concepts of Ethereum to non-techies? Are there any analogies I can make to things that are less technical in nature? Or is it just the case that the technology is quite complicated...? Ethereum is a world computer [ 1 ] and might change how we interact, just like the internet did, 20 years ago. Like Bitcoin, it is based on a block chain, but Ethereum is more than just a currency: Secure backbone for e-commerce and the Internet of Things Integrated development environment for debugging, development and deployment of Ethereum applications Free software - all released under the General Public Licence (GPL) The substantive content of your Answer was almost entirely in a linked video and therefore unavailable in this StackExchange. There was no attempt to summarize the salient points of the video. user75798 Jan 20 '16 at 21:25 Brilliant! I was having trouble to understand it myself Zorgatone Jan 21 '16 at 13:44 Many parts of Ethereum software are not released under the GPL. E.g. pyethereum , evmjit . Pawe Bylica Mar 9 '16 at 19:14 This answer isn't that sexy. For us who understand, it says everything. But for someone new: "Transparent, why is that cool? I expect all services to be secure. Paypal is secure and something license." Not being a hater in any way, just trying to find more of a elevator pitch which makes the other person go "Aha!" Jon Ramvi Aug 23 at 12:45 It depends on Continue reading >>

How Ethereum Works - Coindesk

How Ethereum Works - Coindesk

CoinDesk Launches 2017 Year in Review Opinion and Analysis Series Now that we've covered what ethereum is, let's dive deeper into how the platform functions under the hood. Consider the online notebook application described in " What is Ethereum? " Using ethereum, the appdoesn't require one entityto store and control its data. To accomplish this, ethereum borrows heavily from bitcoin's protocol and its blockchain design, but tweaks it to support applications beyond money. Ethereum aims to abstract away bitcoin's design, however, so that developers can create applications or agreements that have additional steps, new rules of ownership, alternative transaction formats or different ways to transfer state. The goal of ethereum's 'Turing-complete' programming language is to allow developers to write more programs in which blockchain transactions could govern and automate specific outcomes. This flexibility is perhaps ethereum's primary innovation, as explained in the guide " How Ethereum Smart Contracts Work ". The structure of the ethereum blockchain is very similar to bitcoin's, in that it is a shared record of the entire transaction history. Every node on the network stores a copy of this history. The big difference withethereum is that its nodes store the most recent state of each smart contract, in addition to all of the ether transactions. (This is much more complicated than described, but the text below should help you get your feet wet.) For each ethereum application, the network needs to keep track of the 'state', or the current information of all of these applications, including each user's balance, all the smart contract code and where it's all stored. Bitcoin uses unspent transaction outputs to track who has how muchbitcoin. While it sounds more complex, the id Continue reading >>

Ethereum Definition | Investopedia

Ethereum Definition | Investopedia

Launched in 2015, Ethereum is a decentralized software platform that enables SmartContracts and Distributed Applications (Apps) to be built and run without any downtime, fraud, control or interference from a third party. Ethereum is not just a platform but also a programming language (Turing complete) running on a blockchain, helping developers to build and publish distributed applications. The potential applications of Ethereum are wide ranging. The applications on Ethereum are run on its platform-specific cryptographic token, ether. During 2014, Ethereum had launched a pre-sale for ether which had received an overwhelming response. Ether is like a vehicle for moving around on the Ethereum platform, and is sought by mostly developers looking to develop and run applications inside Ethereum. Ether is used broadly for two purposes, it is traded as a digital currency exchange like other cryptocurrencies and is used inside Ethereum to run applications and even to monetize work. The current market cap of ether (ETH) is now more than Ripple and Litecoin although its far behind bitcoin (BTC). According to Ethereum, it can be used to codify, decentralize, secure and trade just about anything. One of the big projects around Ethereum is Microsofts partnership with ConsenSys which offers Ethereum Blockchain as a Service (EBaaS) on Microsoft Azure so Enterprise clients and developers can have a single click cloud based blockchain developer environment. Continue reading >>

What Is Ethereum, In Layman's Term?

What Is Ethereum, In Layman's Term?

When we use our computers and use Word docs or other files we normally save them in folders. A folder with docs, photos, spreadsheets, music files, other files, etc. could be called our database. When we use Facebook, for example, we don't keep that "database" of photos, status reports, messages, links, etc in our computer, Facebook keeps a database of all our activities on their servers in a data-center, which is a building full of servers (powerful computers). In the case of Bitcoin instead of using Facebook, or any other service, to store our stuff in their databases, we download a software that is more or less like Skype, and instead of sending and receiving voice or video or text between us we send and receive units called bitcoins. The Bitcoin software (Bitcoin Core) instead of centralizing "the database" in a service like Facebook or Google or Dropbox, it keeps a copy of the database on your laptop or PC. Imagine 10 friends at a bar around a table and everybody with a laptop and a copy of Bitcoin. Each laptop has the complete database of the Bitcoin list of accounts and transactions. When friend A sends 1 bitcoin to friend B it sends the message to all 10 laptops and they all check that the balance is correct, the accounts, etc. and after checking (and doing some other calculations) they all agree to post, on the databases that they all have in their disks, the new transaction. The Bitcoin database is called a blockchain, because of how it operates, and the process by which all computers check transactions and reach an agreement is called "consensus" (there is another process called mining, but I think it's not relevant in a layman's explanation). The world changing invention of Bitcoin is that all computers participating in the network can keep this "distribute Continue reading >>

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