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Ethereum Foundation Wiki

About The Ethereum Foundation

About The Ethereum Foundation

The Ethereum Foundations mission is to promote and support Ethereum platform and base layer research, development and education to bring decentralized protocols and tools to the world that empower developers to produce next generation decentralized applications (dapps), and together build a more globally accessible, more free and more trustworthy Internet. An alumna of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where she studied Computer Science and Media Arts & Sciences, Ming has a background in enterprise IT and management consulting projects, founding and growing businesses, and working with top educators, scientists, and inventors to bring inspiring research innovation to life. Her interests and work include legal and regulatory matters related to blockchain technology. Vitalik is the creator of Ethereum. He first discovered blockchain and cryptocurrency technologies through Bitcoin in 2011, and was immediately excited by the technology and its potential. He cofounded Bitcoin Magazine in September 2011, and after two and a half years looking at what the existing blockchain technology and applications had to offer, wrote the Ethereum white paper in November 2013. He now leads Ethereum's research team, working on future versions of the Ethereum protocol. Jeff is one of the founders of Ethereum. He started the first implementation of Ethereum using the Go programming language in 2013 and has been the Go team lead and head developer ever since. The Go client launched successfully on July 30, 2015, marking the release of the genesis block and Ethereum platform. Ethereum has been made possible thanks to many more people than would be possible to list here. A more comprehensive short history of ethereum, read this blog post by Taylor Gerring . Help write this story at the his Continue reading >>

Enterprise Ethereum Alliance

Enterprise Ethereum Alliance

Ethereum's intrinsically trusted system is the most promising solution for enterprise Blockchain adoption, given its maturity and multi-purpose design. Privacy and Performance improvements will be mandatory to achieve enterprise-ready status and will be the focus of Enterprise Ethereums roadmap. In partnership with the dedicated and robust Ethereum community, Enterprises are coming together to produce the industry standard, open source, free to use blockchain solutions that will be the foundation for businesses going forward. This form needs Javascript to display, which your browser doesn't support. Sign up here instead Continue reading >>

Ethereum

Ethereum

use the following search parameters to narrow your results: include (or exclude) results marked as NSFW Welcome to r/Ethereum , the front page of the Web 3. No inappropriate behavior. This includes, but is not limited to: personal attacks, threats of violence, gossip, slurs of any kind, posting people's private information. Keep price discussion and market talk, memes & exchanges to subreddits such as /r/ethtrader Keep plain ICO advertisements to subreddits such as r/ethinvestor . Keep mining discussion to subreddits such as /r/EtherMining . No creating multiple accounts to get around Reddit rules. English language only. Please provide accurate translations where appropriate. Posts and comments must be made from an account at least 10 days old with a minimum of 20 comment karma. Exceptions may be made on a discretionary basis. Continue reading >>

Ethereum Project

Ethereum Project

You are responsible for your own computer security. If your machine is compromised you will lose your ether, access to any contracts and possibly more. You are responsible for your own actions. If you mess something up or break any laws while using this software, it's your fault, and your fault only. You are responsible for your own karma. Don't be a jerk and respect the rights of others. What goes around comes around. The user expressly knows and agrees that the user is using the Ethereum platform at the users sole risk. The user acknowledges that the user has an adequate understanding of the risks, usage and intricacies of cryptographic tokens and blockchain-based open source software, eth platform and ethereum The user acknowledges and agrees that, to the fullest extent permitted by any applicable law, the disclaimers of liability contained herein apply to any and all damages or injury whatsoever caused by or related to risks of, use of, or inability to use, ethereum or the Ethereum platform under any cause or action whatsoever of any kind in any jurisdiction, including, without limitation, actions for breach of warranty, breach of contract or tort (including negligence) and that neither Stiftung Ethereum (i.e. Ethereum Foundation) nor Ethereum team shall be liable for any indirect, incidental, special, exemplary or consequential damages, including for loss of profits, goodwill or data that occurs as a result. Some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion of certain warranties or the limitation or exclusion of liability for certain types of damages. Therefore, some of the above limitations in this section may not apply to a user. In particular, nothing in these terms shall affect the statutory rights of any user or exclude injury arising from any willful misconduct Continue reading >>

Ethereum - P2p Foundation

Ethereum - P2p Foundation

= a initiative for trust transactions on the blockchain: Ethereum is a next-generation distributed cryptographic ledger that is designed to allow users to encode advanced transaction types, Smart Contracts and decentralized applications into the Blockchain . "ethereum it is not another cryptocurrency. It is rather a P2P financial infrastructure able to support any kind of currency design, if expressed as a collective Smart Contract." "Ethereum is a community-driven project aiming to decentralize the internet and return it to its democratic roots. It is a platform for building and running applications which do not need to rely on trust and cannot be controlled by any central authority." [1] "Theres a decentralized application called Ethereum that is a decentralized application for launching decentralized applications. I am sure by now you have heard of initial coin offerings (ICOs) and tokens. Most of these are issued on top of Ethereum. Instead of building a decentralized application from scratch the way Bitcoin was, you can build one on top of Ethereum much more easily because a) the network already exists and b) its not designed for a specific application but rather as a platform to build applications that can execute arbitrary code. It is featureless. Ethereums protocol incentivizes entities to contribute computing resources to the network. Doing so earns these entities Ether, the crypto asset of Ethereum. This makes Ethereum a new kind of computing platform for this new class of software (decentralized apps). Its not cloud computing because Ethereum itself is decentralized (like aether, get it?). Thats why its founder, Vitalik Buterin, refers to Ethereum as a world computer. To summarize, in just the last few years the world has invented a way to create software se Continue reading >>

Ethereum Name Service

Ethereum Name Service

A majority of at least 4 of the 7 keyholders is required to effect any change to ENS. All keyholders agree to act with the consensus of the community in facilitating the following ENS development activities: Migrating the interim registrar to the permanent registrar once the evaluation period is over and consensus for how to build the permanent registrar has been reached using the standardisation process. Making changes to the ENS registry, primarily through additions of new TLDs when the community and the keyholders agree that such change is necessary. To eventually work towards replacing the root multisig with a distributed decision making process once each keyholder, in his or her own discretion, determines t the proposed replacement can effectively manage the governance of the permanent registrar. To take necessary action in the case of an unforeseen emergency, such as a critical vulnerability in one of the root registrars or the ENS registry itself. Although these are the stated goals of the community and the ENS keyholders, all parties that participate in the ENS understand and agree that the ENS is and will continue to be a work-in-progress and no specific result can be guaranteed. Participants in the ENS can view the source code for the ENS which is on the publicly-available repo here . The interaction between ENS solidity code and the practical real-world operation of the ENS is an experimental effort and any problems or issues with the operation of the ENS are not the responsibility of the the ENS many contributors or even the keyholders, but rather a natural result of how the ENS code has been used. It is up to all individual participants in the ENS, no matter their role, to suggest changes that will improve the utility of the ENS for everyone in the communi Continue reading >>

Licensing Ethereum/wiki Wiki Github

Licensing Ethereum/wiki Wiki Github

The Ethereum Foundation ensures three principles concerning the funds it uses to develop Ethereum: it is both open source software and Free software after the definition of the Free Software Foundation (so-called FLOSS); no special treatment is given to any single entity concerning the copyright of the software, the Foundation included; source-code will not be distributed ahead of binaries. However, this is not where the story ends; there are many different licenses available that conform to these rules. After considerable discussion, both internal and external together with The Ethereum software collection is distributed under several licenses, partly to reflect the different thinking of the minds behind different pieces of software and partly to reflect the need to adapt to real-world issues and opportunities and lay out a strategy to provide the best possible future for the Ethereum community. The core of Ethereum includes the consensus engine, the networking code and any supporting libraries. For C++, this includes libethereum, libp2p, libdevcore, libdevcrypto, libethcore, libevm and libevmface. The core of Ethereum will be released under the most liberal of licenses. This reflects our desire to have Ethereum used in as many diverse environments as possible, even those which, for various reasons can require modifications or augmentations to the software which cannot be released to the public. In this way, while we have not arrived at a final license, we expect to select one of the MIT license, the MPL license or the LGPL license. If the latter is chosen, it will come with an amendment allowing it to be linked to be statically linked to software for which source code is not available. In this way, the core of Ethereum, be it C++ or Go, will be available for use in a Continue reading >>

Other Ways To Give - Wikimedia Foundation

Other Ways To Give - Wikimedia Foundation

For donations by credit/debit card, eWallet, or internet banking (selected countries), please select your continent followed by your country for payment methods available. To donate by PayPal please select a currency to proceed. (Please note that due to in-country regulations, we no longer can process PayPal donations from Singapore.) Please click here to make an automatic monthly donation via credit/debit card or PayPal. Please make the check payable to "Wikimedia Foundation, Inc." and send to the address below. Please enclose a letter with your name, address, phone number, email address, and donation amount. Please do not send cash through the mail. Note: donations by check are processed directly at our centralized lockbox location which is in Washington, DC. For large checks $10,000 and over, please use the San Francisco address below: To move stock from your brokerage to ours, please give the broker our name and account number. When the transaction is complete, please email [email protected] so we can verify the transaction. Without verification, we are unable to issue a thank you letter and tax receipt for your gift. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Bank of America DTC Eligible SecuritiesThe Depository Trust Company (DTC)DTC Account Number: 0955Ref: #16-200-2942639Account Name: Wikimedia Foundation Gift Account If you require any assistance making a stock donation, please contact: The international option via Citigroup is for wire transfers only. The EUR account is SEPA compliant. Please note we cannot automatically confirm the receipt of bank transfer donations, so please retain a confirmation of the transfer from your bank. If you would like to receive a tax receipt, we advise contacting your bank to create a transfer via Bill Pay (USA), or donating via a diff Continue reading >>

Understanding The Dao Attack

Understanding The Dao Attack

David Siegel is a blockchain strategist and speaker, founder of Kryptodesign.com and curator of DecentralStation.com, a place to learn about blockchain. In this piece, Siegalattempts tohelp journalists understand what happened when The DAO collapsed and whyhe believes itsimportant for the press to get the story right. The article will be updated on Medium as the situation develops. Disclaimer:Siegal owns a small number of DAO tokens. The ethereum network is a network of computers all running the ethereum blockchain. The blockchain allows people to exchange tokens of value, called ether, which is currently the second most popular cryptocurrency behind bitcoin. ethereum also allows people to write and put on the network smart contracts general-purpose code that executes on every computer in the network (currently over 6,000 computers). People then execute these programs by sending ether to them. A DAO is a Decentralized Autonomous Organization. Its goal is to codify the rules and decisionmaking apparatus of an organization, eliminating the need for documents and people in governing, creating a structure with decentralized control. A group of people writes the smart contracts (programs) that will run the organization There is an initial funding period, in which people add funds to the DAO by purchasing tokens that represent ownership this is called a crowdsale, or an initial coin offering (ICO) to give it the resources it needs. When the funding period is over, the DAO begins to operate. People then can make proposals to the DAO on how to spend the money, and the members who have bought in can vote to approve these proposals. Its important to understand that great care has been taken not to make these tokens into equity shares they are more like contributions that give pe Continue reading >>

Ethereum - Wiki | Golden

Ethereum - Wiki | Golden

Ethereum is an open-source, public, distributed blockchain computing platform featuring smart contract (scripting) functionality, which facilitates online contractual agreements. Ethereum provides a decentralized Turing-complete virtual machine , the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) , which can execute scripts using an international network of public nodes. Ethereum also provides a cryptocurrency token called " Ether ", which can be transferred between accounts and used to compensate participant nodes for computations performed. Gas (Ethereum) , an internal transaction pricing mechanism, is used to prevent spam and allocate resources on the network. The Ethereum network runs on a blockchain which is secured by miners. These miners run a Proof-of-work system consensus algorithm called Ethash . There are future plans to move to a Proof-of-stake consensus algorithm. Vitalik Buterin proposed the ethereum protocol in his 2013 whitepaper with the goal of creating a general purpose blockchain platform to support decentralized applications and smart contracts . Buterin had previously contributed within the Bitcoin developer community and found limitations to the Bitcoin scripting language including lack of Turing-completeness , value-blindness, lack of state, and blockchain-blindness. Ethereum was formally announced at the North American Bitcoin Conference in Miami , Florida . Vitalik Buterin reveals Ethereum at Bitcoin Miami 2014 In early 2014 additional developers joined Buterin, including Gavin Wood and Jeffrey Wilcke listed as Lead C++ Developer and Lead Go Developer respectively as well as Anthony Di Iorio, Mihai Alisie, Joseph Lubin , and Stephen Tual in primarily non-development roles. The Ethereum Foundation (Stiftung Ethereum) was founded in July 2014 in Switzerland . B Continue reading >>

Ethereum - Wikipedia

Ethereum - Wikipedia

This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page . This article relies too much on references to primary sources . Please improve this by adding secondary or tertiary sources . Some of this article's listed sources may not be reliable . Please help this article by looking for better, more reliable sources. Unreliable citations may be challenged or deleted. The Ethereum Project's logo, first used in 2014 Ethereum is an open-source , public, blockchain -based distributed computing platform featuring smart contract (scripting) functionality. [2] It provides a decentralized Turing-complete virtual machine , the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), which can execute scripts using an international network of public nodes. Ethereum also provides a cryptocurrency token called "ether", which can be transferred between accounts and used to compensate participant nodes for computations performed. [3] "Gas", an internal transaction pricing mechanism, is used to mitigate spam and allocate resources on the network. [2] [4] Ethereum was proposed in late 2013 by Vitalik Buterin , a cryptocurrency researcher and programmer. Development was funded by an online crowdsale between July and August 2014. [5] The system went live on 30 July 2015, with 11.9 million coins "premined" for the crowdsale. [6] This accounts for approximately 13 percent of the total circulating supply. In 2016, as a result of the collapse of The DAO project, Ethereum was forked into two separate blockchains - the new forked version became Ethereum (ETH), and the original continued as Ethereum Classic (ETC). [7] [8] [9] Ethereum was initially described in a white paper by Vitalik Buterin , [10] a programmer involved with Bitcoin Magazine , in late 2013 with a goal of buildin Continue reading >>

Ethereum. All About Cryptocurrency - Bitcoin Wiki

Ethereum. All About Cryptocurrency - Bitcoin Wiki

Ethereum was initially described in a white paper by Vitalik Buterin, a programmer involved with Bitcoin Magazine , in late 2013 with a goal of building decentralized applications. Buterin had argued that Bitcoin needed a scripting language for application development. Failing to gain agreement, he proposed development of a new platform with a more general scripting language. At the time of public announcement in January 2014, the core Ethereum team was Vitalik Buterin, Mihai Alisie, Anthony Di Iorio, and Charles Hoskinson. [3] Formal development of the Ethereum software project began in early 2014 through a Swiss company, Ethereum Switzerland GmbH (EthSuisse). Subsequently, a Swiss non-profit foundation, the Ethereum Foundation (Stiftung Ethereum), was created as well. Development was funded by an online public crowdsale during JulyAugust 2014, with the participants buying the Ethereum value token (ether) with another digital currency, bitcoin . While there was early praise for the technical innovations of Ethereum, questions were also raised about its security and scalability. Several codenamed prototypes of the Ethereum platform were developed by the Foundation, as part of their Proof-of-Concept series, prior to the official launch of the Frontier network. "Olympic" was the last of these prototypes, and public beta pre-release. The Olympic network provided users with a bug bounty of 25,000 ether for stress testing the limits of the Ethereum blockchain. "Frontier" marked the tentative experimental release of the Ethereum platform in July 2015. [4] Since the initial launch, Ethereum has undergone several planned protocol upgrades called milestones, which are important changes affecting the underlying functionality and/or incentive structures of the platform. "Homestea Continue reading >>

Home Ethereum/wiki Wiki Github

Home Ethereum/wiki Wiki Github

This is the community-maintained wiki covering all sorts of information on the next-generation peer-to-peer technology platform Ethereum, as well as sister protocols such as Whisper and Swarm. Users signed in with GitHub can edit and add pages using the browser or locally . The fourth major live release of Ethereum aka Spurious Dragon was released in Nov 2016. Development continues towards the versions named Metropolis and Serenity (v1.1). Spurious Dragon is aiming for Dapp developers as well as end users for limited categories of applications, and has a number of security enhancements compared to previous versions, and the upcoming Metropolis is aiming to introduce various privacy and functionality improvements that are listed under the "Accepted EIPs" heading here . Serenity is meant to move from consensus through Proof-of-Work to Proof-of-Stake . Further releases will focus on massive scalability increases through sharding as well as virtual machine improvements and other features. To get the basic concepts of Ethereum visit the Ethereum homepage over at . If you want to get a deeper understanding, start by reading the whitepaper and the design rationale . For a more formal review, read the yellow paper . Continue reading >>

Ethereum Classic Community

Ethereum Classic Community

Vitalik Buterin and The Ethereum Foundation create the first blockchain-based turing-complete smart contract platform Slock.it construct TheDAO Ethereum Contract; a security audit is completed by Dejavu TheDAO smart contract is deployed; members of the public send it value in return for DAO tokens Slock.it announce a $1.5 Million USD proposal, paid in Ether by the crowdfund, 'to guarantee the integrity of The DAO' On the last day of the crowdsale, DAO curator Vlad Zamfir calls for a moratorium on TheDAO, citing many game-theoretical security issues The crowdsale completes to become the world's largest and raising an incredible $150 Million USD Peter Vessenes publicly discloses the existence of a critical security vulnerability overlooked in many Solidiy contracts Stephan Tual publicly claims that TheDAO funds are safe despite the newly-discovered critical security flaw Ether is slowly and silently drained from TheDAO as the re-entry bug is applied The price of Ether is slashed in half as Griff Green announces that TheDAO has been hacked TheDAO's splitting mechanism gives around a month for a solution to be found that recovers the funds; Foundation and community developers race to implement a soft fork A group of 'white-hat' hackers secure 70% of TheDAO funds but protocol-level action is required to save the remaining 30% split by the hacker The Ethereum Foundation releases a 'Soft Fork' client to censor transactions coming from the hacker; mining pools vote to enable it by lowering gas limit Critical Denial of Service flaws are found in the Soft Fork implementation, miners quickly decide not to use it Many days of intense arguing goes on in the Ethereum community about the pros and cons of implementing a Hard Fork The only remaining option is a controversial Hard Fork. Continue reading >>

1. Introduction Swarm 0.3 Documentation

1. Introduction Swarm 0.3 Documentation

Swarm is a distributed storage platform and content distribution service, a native base layer service of the ethereum web3 stack. The primary objective of Swarm is to provide a sufficiently decentralized and redundant store of Ethereums public record, in particular to store and distribute dapp code and data as well as blockchain data. From an economic point of view, it allows participants to efficiently pool their storage and bandwidth resources in order to provide these services to all participants of the network, all while being incentivised by Ethereum. Swarms broader objective is to provide infrastructure services for developers of decentralised web applications (dapps), notably: messaging, data streaming, peer to peer accounting, mutable resource updates, storage insurance, proof of custody scan and repair, payment channels and database services. From the end users perspective, Swarm is not that different from the world wide web, with the exception that uploads are not hosted on a specific server. Swarm offers a peer-to-peer storage and serving solution that is DDoS-resistant, has zero-downtime, fault-tolerant and censorship-resistant as well as self-sustaining due to a built-in incentive system which uses peer-to-peer accounting and allows trading resources for payment. Swarm is designed to deeply integrate with the devp2p multiprotocol network layer of Ethereum as well as with the Ethereum blockchain for domain name resolution (using ENS), service payments and content availability insurance. Please refer to our development roadmap and our roadmap board to stay informed with our progress. Swarm is set out to provide base layer infrastructure for a new decentralised internet.Swarm is a peer-to-peer network of nodes providing distributed digital services by contrib Continue reading >>

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