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Ethereum Forks List

The Byzantium Countdown: What's Left Before Ethereum's Next Fork? - Coindesk

The Byzantium Countdown: What's Left Before Ethereum's Next Fork? - Coindesk

The Byzantium Countdown: What's Left Before Ethereum's Next Fork? The next major update to ethereum, the world's second largest blockchain by total value, is set to go live in less than a week. Part of a larger, multi-component upgrade called Metropolis , the so-called"Byzantium" code will be enforced at block 4,370,000 or in about four days according to current metrics as a hard fork . A common (yet controversial ) strategy for upgrading blockchains, this means the changes are required to be accepted broadly by all stakeholders on the ethereum blockchain. In this light, however, it's notable that the use of this mechanism in the past has had mixed results for ethereum. To date, the platform has conducted four hard forks , with only one resulting in the creation of an alternative blockchain, ethereum classic . Given the changes in Byzantium have been outlined in the ethereum roadmap as far back as 2015, it's unlikely it will prove problematic.With two major upgrades from Metropolis postponed, Byzantium is perhaps best seen as a conservative upgrade that will introduce nine key ethereum improvement protocols (EIPs) to the platform. In total, the changes are designed to make the platform lighter and faster to run, improving transaction speed, smart contract security and eventually perhaps, privacy . However, that said, there's still work to be done on the upgrade, with various stakeholders now entering the final stages of their preparations. As the shift toward Byzantium is dependant on the network nodes updating, the main focus in the days ahead will be ensuring the clients that offer software to nodes are ready for the upgrade. This means that startups responsible for overseeing clients need to ensure their software actuallycontains the EIPs that enforce the Byzantium Continue reading >>

Ethereum Classic Community

Ethereum Classic Community

Vitalik Buterin and The Ethereum Foundation create the first blockchain-based turing-complete smart contract platform Slock.it construct TheDAO Ethereum Contract; a security audit is completed by Dejavu TheDAO smart contract is deployed; members of the public send it value in return for DAO tokens Slock.it announce a $1.5 Million USD proposal, paid in Ether by the crowdfund, 'to guarantee the integrity of The DAO' On the last day of the crowdsale, DAO curator Vlad Zamfir calls for a moratorium on TheDAO, citing many game-theoretical security issues The crowdsale completes to become the world's largest and raising an incredible $150 Million USD Peter Vessenes publicly discloses the existence of a critical security vulnerability overlooked in many Solidiy contracts Stephan Tual publicly claims that TheDAO funds are safe despite the newly-discovered critical security flaw Ether is slowly and silently drained from TheDAO as the re-entry bug is applied The price of Ether is slashed in half as Griff Green announces that TheDAO has been hacked TheDAO's splitting mechanism gives around a month for a solution to be found that recovers the funds; Foundation and community developers race to implement a soft fork A group of 'white-hat' hackers secure 70% of TheDAO funds but protocol-level action is required to save the remaining 30% split by the hacker The Ethereum Foundation releases a 'Soft Fork' client to censor transactions coming from the hacker; mining pools vote to enable it by lowering gas limit Critical Denial of Service flaws are found in the Soft Fork implementation, miners quickly decide not to use it Many days of intense arguing goes on in the Ethereum community about the pros and cons of implementing a Hard Fork The only remaining option is a controversial Hard Fork. Continue reading >>

Ethereum Hard Fork In September?

Ethereum Hard Fork In September?

With many still yet to get over the excitement of Bitcoins blockchain split of early August, a rumour of an impending Ethereum split has been sort of overlooked. In fact many in the community have little or no idea of such an approaching event. Sources have it that the Ethereum Development team has made a statement to the effect that a hard fork of the Ethereum blockchain will happen in late September. This is likely to give rise to a new blockchain (Metropolis) just as the Bitcoin split gave birth to Bitcoin Cash. According to the Ethereum road map of 2017 released earlier this year, a hard fork of the blockchain was to be anticipated. The map suggested some major upgrades of the platform. In light of recent ICOs hosted on the platform, it has been exposed to a number of inefficiencies and a lot of delayed transaction executions. A recent survey by the ICOWatchlist team shows that Ethereum has so far hosted 56.83% of this years ICO projects, and we are just barely in the middle of the year. This might also account for the recent issues we have witnessed with the Ethereum blockchain as such an improved platform will be good for all. It is expected that the upgrade will better equip the blockchain with more anonymity of transactions as well as a more user-friendly smart contract feature. Gas is also to be adjusted for bill settling. The upgraded Ethereum blockchain is to also ensure a higher level of security through masking such that users will be able to determine the address for which they have a private key. Additionally, it will be able to withstand hacking even from quantum computers. It is also expected that mining on the blockchain will be made relatively more difficult that what currently pertains. Crypto-economists are still not clear as to the effect this har Continue reading >>

Hard Forks Chronology The Ultimate List Of Forks Part Ii

Hard Forks Chronology The Ultimate List Of Forks Part Ii

Do you want to know what forksthrived amidst the chaos and which onesare still waiting to gain the necessary momentum before launch?For those that have had a chance to read our first hard forks chronology article , as well as the hard fork genesis article , you probably already have a decent understanding of how hard forks work, what measures are needed to implement them, and when they usually occur.For the most part, many hard forks are still currently in circulation. So lets start with a quick check-up of the past forks. Ethereum Classic is technically a hard fork of Ethereum, however, its forking happened in a fairly unconventional manner. Before Ethereum Classic existed, there was just one chain for Ethereum called Ethereum. The split occurred in 2016 after a fund built on Ethereum called the DAO was hacked. The team had a choice between either accepting the hack and continuing forward, or implementing a hard fork in order to wipe the transaction and stop the hackers from getting away with the money. However, there was a solid segment of the community that did not agree with this approach under the philosophy that the Ethereum blockchain should remain immutable. So, when Ethereum did commence with the hard fork to a different network, many were left behind, and because their chain possessed less hash power, they were not able to retain the Ethereum name. One of the major reasons that Ethereum Classic is still used today is due to the promotional efforts of Barry Silbert, who apparently owns a significant stake of Ethereum Classic. He has a lot of influence in the cryptocurrency community in general, and he owns Digital Currency Group, an organization that has invested a substantial amount of money into different areas of cryptocurrency. Some theorize that Barry has Continue reading >>

Etherzero Team Cancels Plans To Hard Fork Ethereum

Etherzero Team Cancels Plans To Hard Fork Ethereum

In the world of cryptocurrency, hard forks are seemingly the new altcoins. More specifically, a lot of developers want to hard fork existing currencies rather than build their own coins from scratch. In the case of Ethereum, one of those hard forkswas known as EtherZero. However, this fork has been canceled due to a lack of community support and big trading platforms. Its a very interesting decision, although few people will mind that the fork will not happen after all. It is evident that Bitcoinwas subject to quite a few hard fork attempts in 2017. Bitcoin Cash and Bitcoin Gold are perhaps the most notorious ones, even though Bitcoin Gold is very different from both Bitcoinand Bitcoin Cash. It is evident that this way of creating currencies will affect altcoins in the future as well. While the concept of taking existing code and turning it into anew project is not uncommon, it seems developers are far too keen on creating hard forks and airdrops right now. Thats not a favorable course of action by any means, as most of these hard forks serve no purpose whatsoever. The first altcoin to have receivedsuch hard forks/airdrops is Ethereum. Given Ethereums position in the world of cryptocurrency, that is not entirely surprising. It is evident that people like whatthis project has to offer andwish to make a quick buck from introducing so-called hard forks. Moving away from the original codebase for no apparent reason usually means the new fork is just a money grab which serves no real purpose. This is very different from how Ethereum Classic was created, as this currency exists due to ideological differences between parts of the Ethereum community regarding the bailout of The DAO. The first major Ethereum hard fork which was set to occur in 2018 is EtherZero . Although most Continue reading >>

The Ultimate List Of Bitcoin And Alt-cryptocurrency Forks

The Ultimate List Of Bitcoin And Alt-cryptocurrency Forks

The Ultimate List of Bitcoin and Alt-Cryptocurrency Forks A fork is the term used to describe a single blockchain diverging into two paths. Generally this occurs as the result of a significant change in the networks protocol that effectively splits the blockchain into an old way of doing things and a new way of doing things. Forks can be categorized as hard forks or soft forks. Hard forks are the result of network changes that are so extensive that every node participating in the network must upgrade their software in order to be compatible with the new processes. A hard fork is a fundamental change in the way a blockchain operates, such that any nodes that do not upgrade their software are on a different blockchain altogether. Soft forks, by contrast, are backwards-compatible. The rules of the network have been changed, but nodes running the old software will still be able to validate transactions. This is less dramatic than a hard fork. The following is a comprehensive list of cryptocurrency forks. Chart of Bitcoin Blockchain and Software Forks List of Bitcoin Blockchain and Software Forks Each indent below represents a fork and includes forks of forks. Ethereum Classic (ETC) is technically the original Ethereum blockchain while Ethereum is the fork, however the majority of the Ethereum community has followed the direction of Ethereum over Ethereum Classic. Stellar (XLM) started out as a fork, but is no longer considered a fork as it now uses its own codebase. Monero (XMR) was originally a fork of Bytecoin, but no longer considered a fork as it now uses its own codebase. NEM (NEM) started out as a fork, but is no longer considered a fork as it now uses its own codebase. Continue reading >>

Forks.net - List Of Bitcoin Forks, Ethereum Forks, And Other Forks!

Forks.net - List Of Bitcoin Forks, Ethereum Forks, And Other Forks!

Forks.net - List of Bitcoin Forks, Ethereum Forks, and other forks! We just launched our new website you will find a detailed list of bitcoin forks, ethereum forks, and other types of forks. We will be continuously updating the website with new listings so make sure to bookmark us, and if you know of any forks that we don't have listed please submit them to the website or leave the information in this thread and we will add it! is a good idea, but I must say that I am shocked by certain names, for example: let's see who are the members of the bitcoinboy team: let's see who are the members of the Bitcoin New (BTN) team: it seems that these hard forks have become the gold mine of the Chinese is a good idea, but I must say that I am shocked by certain names, for example: let's see who are the members of the bitcoinboy team: let's see who are the members of the Bitcoin New (BTN) team: it seems that these hard forks have become the gold mine of the Chinese Theres a good mix of chinese and other nationalities. I'm not making the forks, I'm just making a central website for them! is a good idea, but I must say that I am shocked by certain names, for example: let's see who are the members of the bitcoinboy team: let's see who are the members of the Bitcoin New (BTN) team: it seems that these hard forks have become the gold mine of the Chinese Theres a good mix of chinese and other nationalities. I'm not making the forks, I'm just making a central website for them! Thanks for creating the site and saving me HEAPS of time. I will procure any Bitcoin forks that only ask for public keys. And they better not require me downloading their wallet. I'll dump any scams immediately on exchanges. Again, thanks! Very interesting website, this could help many people help claim their free mo Continue reading >>

Hardforks - Please Provide A Summary Of The Ethereum Hard Forks - Ethereum Stack Exchange

Hardforks - Please Provide A Summary Of The Ethereum Hard Forks - Ethereum Stack Exchange

Please provide a summary of the Ethereum hard forks Update 6 Apr 2018 - Links to Ethereum Improvement Proposals - Meta And from Ethereum Protocol Update 1 , dated Aug 4 2015, "starting from block 200,000 (very roughly 17 days from now), the difficulty will undergo an exponential increase which will only become noticeable in about a year". > new Date(eth.getBlock(200000).timestamp * 1000).toUTCString()"Mon, 07 Sep 2015 21:33:09 UTC" > new Date(eth.getBlock(1150000).timestamp * 1000).toUTCString()"Mon, 14 Mar 2016 18:49:53 UTC" Note that reports 2016-03-14 19:49:53 and reports Mar-14-2016 06:49:53 PM +UTC Source Give a summary of the fork state changes in block 1920000 . > new Date(eth.getBlock(1920000).timestamp * 1000).toUTCString()"Wed, 20 Jul 2016 13:20:40 UTC" Note that this hard fork produced the Ethereum Classic chain which is the original un-forked chain while the forked chain is the main Ethereum chain. If you owned ethers (ETH) prior to this fork, you will own the same number of Classic ethers (ETC) as well as regular ethers (ETH). Source FAQ: Upcoming Ethereum Hard Fork , dated Oct 18 2016. > new Date(eth.getBlock(2463000).timestamp * 1000).toUTCString()"Tue, 18 Oct 2016 13:19:31 UTC" Source Hard Fork No. 4: Spurious Dragon , dated Nov 18 2016. > new Date(eth.getBlock(2675000).timestamp * 1000).toUTCString()"Tue, 22 Nov 2016 16:15:44 UTC" EIP 155: Replay attack protection - to prevent transactions from the main Ethereum chain being replayed on the Classic chain. EIP 160: EXP cost increase - "making it more difficult to slow down the network via computationally expensive contract operations" EIP 161: State trie clearing - "enabling 'debloat' of the blockchain state" to clean up the 20 million empty accounts created in the Sep and Oct 2016 Ethereum network attac Continue reading >>

Ethereum Classic Vs Ethereum: A Step-by-step Guide | Finder.com

Ethereum Classic Vs Ethereum: A Step-by-step Guide | Finder.com

Born out of a hack and a philosophical disagreement in the Ethereum community, Ethereum Classic has become one of the top cryptocurrencies on the market. Starting life as Ethereum, Ethereum Classic (and its value token, ETC) is the result of a long debate over how cryptocurrencies should handle disagreements within the community and data hacks. That does not mean its in any way a lesser entity than Ethereum. On the contrary, the community behind Ethereum Classic aims to make Ethereum Classic the best cryptocurrency on the market. Ethereum Classic is an open-source, peer-to-peer, computing platform based on blockchain technology and the original Ethereum code. Just like Ethereum, it provides a value token, or altcoin, called classic ether which is used to pay users for products and services, and as a transaction fee when using decentralized apps and smart contracts. The story behind The DAO attack and subsequent hard fork decentralized autonomous organizationbuilt on the Ethereum platform. It was meant to allow users to invest in the development of decentralized apps to run on the Ethereum blockchain. By May 2016, The DAO had accumulated over $150 million, and was ready to begin its operations. Then a paper was released detailing a security flaw in the DAO architecture. Developers of The DAO ignored the concerns raised and moved forward with their operations. In June 2016, The DAO was hacked using the same security flaws outlined in the paper and approximately $50 million were stolen. This hack and the debate that followed it caused a schism in the Ethereum community. On one hand, Ethereum developers could revert the hack back, returning all Ether coins to their respective owners. On the other hand, the very core philosophy of cryptocurrency is that the transactions can Continue reading >>

Hard Fork News - Cointelegraph

Hard Fork News - Cointelegraph

A hard fork is a process of splitting any currency's Blockchain. It may be done for several reasons, such as fixing serious security loopholes in a cryptocurrency's source code, implementing new features and reverting transactions (as was the case for Ethereum's hard fork after The DAO was hacked). Hard forking requires a consensus of the majority of the nodes within the network of a cryptocurrency, after which they all switch to the new Blockchain, leaving the older version behind. Continue reading >>

What Are Forks? + The Main Forks Of Bitcoin And Ethereum Explained

What Are Forks? + The Main Forks Of Bitcoin And Ethereum Explained

There are times when miners would experience wild fluctuations on a cryptocurrencys price which is associated with a phenomena known as a fork. This is a common occurrence in any computing software. Furthermore, many miners lack a better understanding of this technical term. Bitcoin lead the way to the ecosystem of cryptocurrencies, and in order to fully grasp forks, its essential to explore Bitcoin and its technology as well. To create digital money, cryptocurrencies use computer-generated codes. The first of its kind to become popular around the world is Bitcoin. This cryptocurrency is a decentralized peer-to-peer currency and payment network, which means a lot of overhead associated with banking and credit are eliminated. Bitcoin uses an open sourced network where the fundamental computing codes are free and can be viewed by anyone as well as use and inspect. Bitcoin uses a technology called blockchain . A blockchain is some sort of circulated ledger consisting of constantly growing blocks of data to create a single chain of blocks. Since its a decentralized network, to realize consensus, users must come up with a mutual set of rules in order to authorize transactions. This will result in the formation of a single chain of verified or authorized data that every user agrees is a single truth or correct. Bitcoin forks occur when a valid hash was found by two miners within a short period of time. The solution will then be spread by both miners to be verified by their neighbors. Because of this, the network will be split in two during the process. One block will be considered by half of the network to be the next that should be counted in the blockchain, while a different block will be considered by the networks other half. Most of the time, this problem can be quickly Continue reading >>

1 Day Left Until Bitcoin Segwit2x Hard Fork

1 Day Left Until Bitcoin Segwit2x Hard Fork

1 Day Left Until BITCOIN Segwit2X Hard Fork One of the main hard forks in the history of Bitcoin named Segwit2X , will be released on December 28th, 2017 on the block 501451. It was expected to occur in mid-November, but the date was redefined. Still, futures trading has started and is still conducted at numerous exchanges at a price about 0.04 BTC (HitBTC). Hard fork plans to solve the fundamental problems of BTC, while its goal is not the replacement of the original Bitcoin, but the effective coexistence of two cryptocurrency networks. At the same time, the miners and developers believe that B2X will gradually displace the original Bitcoin in the field of micro and medium transactions. Currently, futures for this fork are already traded on such exchanges, as: HitBTC , Exrates , YoBIT , as well as they are available in such wallets as Zumminer, Webmoney, etc. After the announcement of the renewal of the project, the cost of futures increased more than 3 times. Apart from implementation of Segregated Witness, a new version of Bitcoin already has other significant improvements. The size of a block was increased to 4 mb, the rate of block production reached 2.5 minutes. Each Segwit2X holder will receive a unique address format. Moreover, the complexity of mining will be recalculated after each block. Segwit2X uses X11 encryption algorithm and has protection against repeated transactions. This is not a full list of improvements. Some features are being developed and implemented at the moment, some are planned and included into the Roadmap. Soon Segwit2X will be even more advanced after getting such new functions as ZkSnark, Smart Contracts, anonymous transactions and support for Lightning Network for instant transactions. When the fork occurs, each BTC holder will have an Continue reading >>

The Dao, The Hack, The Soft Fork And The Hard Fork

The Dao, The Hack, The Soft Fork And The Hard Fork

The DAO, The Hack, The Soft Fork and The Hard Fork We'll try to briefly cover: how and why The DAO was created, how The DAO was exploited, how the soft fork failed miserably, and why everyone was relievedit did so, and how the hard fork lead to a split community and the creation of Ethereum Classic . Part 1 - The DAO - Venture fund evolution The Decentralized Autonomous Organization (known as The DAO)wasmeant to operate like a venture capital fund for the crypto anddecentralizedspace. The lack of a centralized authority reduced costs and in theory provides morecontroland accessto the investors. At the beginning of May 2016, a few members of theEthereum community announced the inception of The DAO , which was also known as Genesis DAO.It was built as a smart contracton the Ethereumblockchain. Thecodingframework was developed open sourceby the Slock.it team butitwas deployed under "The DAO" name by members of the Ethereum community. The DAO had a creation period during which anyone was allowed to send Ether to a special wallet address in exchange for DAO tokens on a 1-100 scale. The creation period was an unforeseen success as it managed to gather 12.7 Ether (worth around $150M at the time), making it thebiggest crowdfund ever. At some point, when Ether was trading at $20, the total Ether from The DAO was worth over $250 million. The DAO wasa complex Smart Contract with many featuresand it should have allowed companiesto make proposals for funding. Once a proposal waswhite-listedbyone of the curators , the DAO token holders (aka DAO investors)would then need to vote on the proposal. If the proposal got a 20% quorum the requested funds would bereleasedintothewhite-listedcontractor's wallet address.Theteam of curators that couldwhite-listaddresses was put in place in order Continue reading >>

Ethereum - Wikipedia

Ethereum - Wikipedia

This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page . This article relies too much on references to primary sources . Please improve this by adding secondary or tertiary sources . Some of this article's listed sources may not be reliable . Please help this article by looking for better, more reliable sources. Unreliable citations may be challenged or deleted. The Ethereum Project's logo, first used in 2014 Ethereum is an open-source , public, blockchain -based distributed computing platform featuring smart contract (scripting) functionality. [2] It provides a decentralized Turing-complete virtual machine , the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), which can execute scripts using an international network of public nodes. Ethereum also provides a cryptocurrency token called "ether", which can be transferred between accounts and used to compensate participant nodes for computations performed. [3] "Gas", an internal transaction pricing mechanism, is used to mitigate spam and allocate resources on the network. [2] [4] Ethereum was proposed in late 2013 by Vitalik Buterin , a cryptocurrency researcher and programmer. Development was funded by an online crowdsale between July and August 2014. [5] The system went live on 30 July 2015, with 11.9 million coins "premined" for the crowdsale. [6] This accounts for approximately 13 percent of the total circulating supply. In 2016, as a result of the collapse of The DAO project, Ethereum was forked into two separate blockchains - the new forked version became Ethereum (ETH), and the original continued as Ethereum Classic (ETC). [7] [8] [9] Ethereum was initially described in a white paper by Vitalik Buterin , [10] a programmer involved with Bitcoin Magazine , in late 2013 with a goal of buildin Continue reading >>

What Hard Fork? Ether's Price Is Climbing Ahead Of Tech Upgrade - Coindesk

What Hard Fork? Ether's Price Is Climbing Ahead Of Tech Upgrade - Coindesk

What Hard Fork? Ether's Price Is Climbing Ahead of Tech Upgrade Ether prices are up 11 percent so far today, indicating increasing market confidence that ethereum may sail through its next big upgrade. The "Byzantium" code, which is a part of the larger upgrade called " Metropolis ," will be enforced this Sunday via a hard fork of the ethereum blockchain. Though past hard forks have been mostly smooth,an emergency hard fork last year saw some continue to mine the old blockchain, creating a new asset, ethereum classic, andsome users and firms lost funds in the event. So far, however, developers have indicated that they are confident the hard fork will be activated without issue and traders seem to agree. At press time, ether is trading at around $340 levels. Week-on-week, the cryptocurrency is up 10.7 percent, while month-on-month, ether is enjoying 23 percent gains. The price action analysis suggests ether could scale new multi-week highs and possibly extend the rally up to the September high ahead of the hard fork . The upside break of the sideways channel(i.e. consolidation ends with a strong upside move) signals continuation of the rally from the Sept. 15 low of $298.29. The bullish break on the relative strength index (RSI) validates the bullish break on the price chart. All major averages 50-MA, 100-MA and 200-MA are perfectly aligned one below the other in favor of the bulls. Ether looks set to test September high of $396 in the short run. On the downside, only a break below the 50-day moving average level of $307 would abort the bullish view on the daily chart. Continue reading >>

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