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Digital Voting With The Use Of Blockchain Technology

Blockchain Based E-voting Recording System Design

Blockchain Based E-voting Recording System Design

Blockchain based e-voting recording system design Abstract: Increasingly digital technology in the present helped many people lives. Unlike the electoral system, there are many conventional uses of paper in its implementation. The aspect of security and transparency is a threat from still widespread election with the conventional system (offline). General elections still use a centralized system, there is one organization that manages it. Some of the problems that can occur in traditional electoral systems is with an organization that has full control over the database and system, it is possible to tamper with the database of considerable opportunities. Blockchain technology is one of solutions, because it embraces a decentralized system and the entire database are owned by many users. Blockchain itself has been used in the Bitcoin system known as the decentralized Bank system. By adopting blockchain in the distribution of databases on e-voting systems can reduce one of the cheating sources of database manipulation. This research discusses the recording of voting result using blockchain algorithm from every place of election. Unlike Bitcoin with its Proof of Work, this thesis proposed a method based on a predetermined turn on the system for each node in the built of blockchain. Continue reading >>

Digital Identity And Voting Redefined With Blockchain Technology

Digital Identity And Voting Redefined With Blockchain Technology

Digital Identity And Voting Redefined With Blockchain Technology Blockchain technology has the potential to address most of the concerns related to digital identity and make the existing voting systems more robust and secured. Multiple blockchain startups have already made their foray inthe two sectors and contributing to the security and efficacy ofgovernmentdata and processes. When it comes to the security industry, identity management with the help ofblockchaincanhelpin many ways.Digital identities are a great idea, but they have a lot of issues right now. It is pretty easy to set up an identity that is fake or even to steal someone elses identity. Passwords are commonly used, but they are not that secure,andthe databases that store the passwords are often under attack by hackers. Once any of thedatabases isattacked, the hacker can access all the customer data that is in the system.Blockchaincould take care of some of these digital identity issues. Theiridentification systems are secure, irrefutable, unique and pretty much impossible for an outside source to gain accesstowithout the proper authorization. And there are already some companies, likeShoCard, that are building these kinds of systems. There are alsomany applicationswhich make use ofblockchain, to storebirth certificates, residencyinfo, marriage certificates, drivers licenses, digital identities, passports andmuch more. ShoCard is an application development company that is working with theblockchaincompany, Block cypher . It has built prototypes that allow you to establish your identity within a secureblockchainenvironment.ShoCardIDapp is availableonyour phone and can be used to share all kinds of credentials securely. You mightnot have heard ofSmartrac, but its more than likely thatyoumay be using theirte Continue reading >>

Blockchain Might Be About To Change The Way We Vote

Blockchain Might Be About To Change The Way We Vote

Blockchain might be about to change the way we vote Democracy Earths Sovereign app brings together blockchain and liquid democracy. This article is published in collaboration with Futurism Explore the latest strategic trends, research and analysis A new form of cryptocurrency is hoping to give people a better way to vote, and it doesnt require any knowledge of blockchain the digital ledger technology supporting bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies to use. The Sovereign app brings together blockchain and liquid democracy, a form of democracy that gives people more control over their votes by allowing them to vote directly on issues themselves or pass their vote on to a delegate. The developers behind the app, Democracy Earth , believe it can solve a couple of problems associated with this type of democracy, including the ability of popular users to amass an unhealthy number of votes and the tendency for voters to become exhausted by the seemingly infinite number of issues requiring votes. As Santiago Siri, one of Democracy Earths co-founders, explained to New Scientist , Sovereign users will each be assigned a finite number of tokens, or votes, when they register. The users can then choose to vote as part of organizations on the network, which can be anything from companies to countries. Users can discuss and debate topics with each other before deciding where their vote will go. They even have the ability to use just one vote for an issue or several if they feel more strongly about it. These votes are replenished in their accounts over time. AUDIO: A Glimpse Into the Future: Technology and governments The first test of Sovereign allowed users to vote on an unofficial deal between Columbia and a rebel group. Each voter was given 100 votes they could allocate as they pleas Continue reading >>

How Can Blockchain Revolutionise The Way We Vote?

How Can Blockchain Revolutionise The Way We Vote?

Within all countries of the world, voting turnover is one of the most important problems which hinder the electoral process. One of the main causes of low turnover rates originates from the restricted period and location where voters can cast their ballots. Additionally, the process of keeping the votes within one central authority is relatively risky. It is susceptible to hackers and also insider manipulation. Blockchain can solve both these problems and introduce accessible and easy to use digital voting whilst maintaining complete integrity. Blockchain technology solves the aforementioned problems by forming a network of computers, each storing a copy of the voting data, along with a set of rules organising the order that nodes have to follow and adding new sets of data to the Blockchain. This way, all nodes can verify the trail of votes for authenticity and any falsification of data would require access to all available copies of the chain of information. Additionally, Blockchain opens the door for a fast and easy voting medium through the internet, where voters can participate from voting sites, their work, or even the comfort of their homes. However, two questions arise: What set of rules can be set up to allow transparent and regulated voting? Also, since the voting information is accessible to all nodes within the network, how can voter anonymity be preserved? A core concept behind blockchain is the consensus protocol which regulates when changes are allowed to be made to the chain, who can make them, when can they be made. Bitcoin for example, the consensus protocol consists of a Proof-of-work, stating that nodes within the network have to solve a computationally intensive mathematical proof in order to add new blocks to the chain. This means that any manipula Continue reading >>

Can Blockchain Make Voting More Secure And Transparent?

Can Blockchain Make Voting More Secure And Transparent?

Can blockchain make voting more secure and transparent? Nick Spanos is co-founder of the Zap Project, which works to solve one of the biggest challenges in the blockchain... Americas voting machines are out of date , insecure , difficult to use , and largely supplied by a single vendor whose vote-counting software is proprietary i.e. its inner-workings are a secret. There could be code intentional or bugs in there that adds votes, changes votes , or deletes votes and there would be no way of knowing. Transparency is the often-touted name of the game for todays governments and corporations, yet it is sorely missing from the election process. Open-source blockchain technology may just be a tailor-made solution for creating a secure, transparent voting system. The blockchain allows for the creation of publicly viewable, timestamped and signed transactions (records) that cannot be altered or deleted. Logging election records (ballot data) on the blockchain would not only allow the public to inspect granular election data themselves, it also creates a secure and permanent record that makes it much more difficult for any tampering to go on after the fact. Timestamped blockchain records would ensure that any data added later would stick out like a sore thumb. When combined with the actual paper ballots used to cast votes, it becomes virtually impossible to manipulate election results undetected. This cant be said for purely electronic voting systems. Even legendary cryptographer David Chaums open source end-to-end (E2E) verified voting system, Scantegrity , uses paper ballots with an added, optional ability to verify your vote was correctly recorded after the fact. Touchscreens, tablets, apps, and interactive ballots are all extra. They are certainly nice things to have (and Continue reading >>

Blockchain For Voting And Elections

Blockchain For Voting And Elections

A look at this technology beyond Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies. With a new round of political elections approaching this year, technology has become a focus of attention: its role in how citizens learn about candidates and vote, how secure our voting systems are and how technology can help secure them. Blockchain mostly known for Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies is certainly one of the most talked-about technologies right now. While blockchain technology is relatively new, its also a continuation of a very human story, Bettina Warburg explained in her 2016 TED talk, now the most watched TED talk about blockchain. As our societies grew more complex and our trade routes grew more distant, we built up more formal institutions, institutions like banks for currency, governments, corporations, she said mentioning Nobel prize economist Douglass North. These institutions helped us manage our trade as the uncertainty and the complexity grew, and our personal control was much lower. Eventually with the internet, we put these same institutions online. Warburg believes we are now entering a further and radical evolution of how we interact and trade, because for the first time, we can lower uncertainty not just with political and economic institutions, like our banks, our corporations, our governments, but we can do it with technology alone. Indeed, blockchain can be that technology that can help us lower our uncertainties about identity and what we mean about transparency in long distances and complex trades, like in election systems for instance. Blockchain could revolutionize voting and elections, Terry Brock writes in the Chicago BizJournals . We hear a lot of talk about blockchain being used in areas such as finance and currency as referenced with Bitcoin and other cryptocurr Continue reading >>

Digital Voting With The Use Of Blockchain Technology

Digital Voting With The Use Of Blockchain Technology

Digital Voting with the use of Blockchain Technology A look at this technology beyond Bitcoin and Crypto-currencies. Witha brand newroundof political electionsdrawing close,technologyhascome to bea focal pointofinterest: itsrolein howcitizenslearn aboutcandidatesand vote, howsecureourvote castingsystemsareand the way technologycanhelpsecurethem. Theapplicationof blockchaintechnologycouldcast offvoter fraud,presentingaclearrecordof the votescasted, andpreventinganyriskof a rigged election. Blockchains are incredibly popular nowadays. But what is a Blockchain? How do they work, what problems do they solve and how can they be used? Like the name indicates, a Blockchain is a chain of blocks that contains information. This technique was originally described in 1991 by a group of researchers and was originally intended to timestamp digital documents so that its not possible to backdate them or to tamper with them. Almost like a notary. However it went by mostly unused until it was adapted by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009 to create the digital cryptocurrency Bitcoin. A Blockchain is a distributed ledger that is completely open to anyone. They have an interesting property: once some data has been recorded inside a blockchain, it becomes very difficult to change it. Well, lets take a closer look at a block. Each block contains some data, the hash of the block and the hash of the previous block. The data that is stored inside a block depends on the type of blockchain. The Bitcoin blockchain for example stores the details about a transaction in here, such as the sender, receiver and amount of coins. A block also has a hash. You can compare a hash to a fingerprint. It identifies a block and all of its contents and it's always unique, just as a fingerprint. Once a block is created, its Continue reading >>

Blockchain Technology In Online Voting

Blockchain Technology In Online Voting

Online Voting Technology Blockchain Technology in Online Voting The blockchain the engine onwhich Bitcoin is built is a newkind of distributed consensussystem that allows transactions, orother data, to be securely storedand verified without any centralizedauthority at all. With blockchain technology, youcould create a truly tamper-proofrecord system records can go intothe Blockchain in a way that I knowif anybody tries to change it. You should be taking this technology as seriously as you should have been taking the development of the Internet in the early 1990s. Both the financial services and Bitcoin communities perked up last week when Citi, Nasdaq, Visa and other large financial institutions invested in Chain.com, a Bitcoin blockchain services provider. Bitcoin is giving banks a run fortheir money. Now the sametechnology threatens to eradicatesocial networks, stock markets, evennational governments. A blockchain is an audit trail for a database which is managed by a network of computers where no single computer is responsible for storing or maintaining the database, and any computer may enter or leave this network at any time without jeopardizing the integrity or availability of the database. Any computer can rebuild the database from scratch by downloading the blockchain and processing the audit trail. Traditional databases are maintained by a single organization, and that organization has complete control of the database, including the ability to tamper with the stored data, to censor otherwise valid changes to the data, or to add data fraudulently. For most use cases, this is not a problem since the organization which maintains the database does so for its own benefit, and therefore has no motive to falsify the databases contents; however, there are other use ca Continue reading >>

Block The Vote: Could Blockchain Technology Cybersecure Elections?

Block The Vote: Could Blockchain Technology Cybersecure Elections?

Block The Vote: Could Blockchain Technology Cybersecure Elections? {{article.article.images.featured.caption}} Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. The author is a Forbes contributor. The opinions expressed are those of the writer. This story appears in the {{article.article.magazine.pretty_date}} issue of {{article.article.magazine.pubName}}. {{article.article.magazine.subscription_text}} A voter casts his primary vote on Aug. 30, 2016, at Precinct 33, in Hialeah, Fla. (AP Photo/Alan Diaz) With accusations of election rigging and an unprecedented hack of a political partys emails, voting security has not been this hot of an issue since Bush v. Gore and the Florida recount of 2000. Adding fuel to the fire isthe FBIs latest revelation of foreign hacking into two states election databases. Now, Washington officials are increasingly concerned that hackers will seek to infiltrate the decades-out-of-date voting machines with very little technical sophistication and manipulate votes cast for the next U.S. president in November. Some cybersecurity experts have advocated for the ultimate security measure to protect U.S. elections from foreign tamperingthat is, offline paper-based elections. Yet in Virginia, the state that famously decommissioned its terrifyingly hackable voting machines last year, the startup Follow My Vote believes the solution to safeguard against vote rigging isnt to revert to no or low-tech, but through the adoption of blockchain technology. Aside from the obvious issue of scale, Follow My Votes cofounder and CTO Nathan Hourt considerspaper-based voting systems precariously reliant on the procedural security of officials conducting their jobs correctly and honestly. In offline systems, there is no way to detect a breach of security... n Continue reading >>

Blockchain Tech Could Fight Voter Fraud And These Countries Are Testing It

Blockchain Tech Could Fight Voter Fraud And These Countries Are Testing It

Cybersecurity issues continue to remain one of the hottest topics of the 2016 U.S. presidential elections as the November 8 showdown draws near. And fears have been raised that domestic or foreign actors could try to skew the results of the election . While many see a solution in dumping all forms of electronic voting and defaulting back to offline, paper-based systems especially as electronic voting machines have proven to be extremely vulnerable others are hoping new technologies can make elections more secure. Blockchain technology , especiailly, is drawing a lot of interest on this front. Because a blockchain is a distributed ledger of transactions in other words, the information it records isnt stored once in a single system but many times across many independent nodes it could store votes in an immutable and tamper-proof way. Once a vote has been secured and linked with hashing algorithms and stored across thousands, millions, or perhaps one day billions of nodes, modifying it is theoretically impossible and would require a huge amount of resources and computation power that no single party could effectively bring together. While blockchain was invented with monetary transactions in mind, its characteristics make it an ideal solution to support voting systems and register votes. Its provisions for preventing double spending of digital currencies can also ensure there is no double voting, and its transparency and public availability make it auditable. To use the digital currency analogy, the blockchain model of voting would issue each voter a wallet (a user credential) and a single coin (one opportunity to vote) and have them cast their vote by transferring their coin to the wallet of their candidate of choice. Voters can only spend their coin or cast their vote o Continue reading >>

Can Blockchain Technology Secure Your Vote?

Can Blockchain Technology Secure Your Vote?

Lohrmann on Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Can Blockchain Technology Secure Your Vote? How can we build more trust in future election results? Can we securely move to online voting to increase voter turnout? Some experts think that blockchain technology is part of the answer, and this interview with Votem CEO Pete Martin covers where we are and where we are heading to secure the vote. As we passed the 100-day mark in the new Trump administration, many questions are still being asked about how to best address voting in the future. Back in January of this year, I described how the 2016 U.S. presidential election shined a light on outdated election technology. Over three months later, time is running out in order to put new voting technology and processes in place for upcoming elections in 2018 and beyond. So what election solutions hold the most promise? Many experts believe that blockchain technology offers new hope for electronic voting and even mobile (or online) voting. What actions are being taken now? This TEDx video describes the history of blockchain, as well as a high-level overview with examples beyond just financial services. In order to do a deeper dive into this topic, I turned to Pete Martin, the CEO of Votem, to answer my questions on blockchain, online voting, global election activities and related topics. On LinkedIn, Pete describes himself as a Serial entrepreneur, mobile voting revolutionary, classic rock drummer. Pete thinks that our voting system is ripe for disruption. He says that Votems mission is to have 1 billion people globallyvoteusing their mobile phone by 2025. Dan Lohrmannn (DL): What is blockchain technology and why is it more secure? Pete Martin (PM): Blockchain is a permanent cryptographic record, or ledger, of digital events thats distr Continue reading >>

Kaspersky Lab And Parity Technologies Launch Blockchain-based Voting System

Kaspersky Lab And Parity Technologies Launch Blockchain-based Voting System

Cybersecurity company Kaspersky Lab unveiled Polys, a secure online voting system based on blockchain technology and backed with transparent crypto algorithms, at the companys annual Cybersecurity Weekend event in Dublin. [Online] voting imposes extremely stringent requirements on the security of every aspect of voting, notes the Polys website. We believe that the blockchain technology is the missing link in the architecture of a viable online voting system. In our Kaspersky Lab Business Incubator were supporting both internal and external teams in developing bright ideas and technologies, which can be implemented in various areas where safety and security are important, said Vartan Minasyan, Head of Investment and Innovation at Kaspersky Lab . One such area is online voting and, when exploring the possible implementations of blockchain in particular, our team realized that this technology combined with the companys cybersecurity expertise could solve key problems related to the privacy, transparency and security of online voting. Were excited that we have been able to create a suitable environment for this internal innovation. Kaspersky Lab released a beta version of Polys, intended to get early feedback and iteratively develop an operational voting system that, according to the company, will change the way people vote. At the moment, Polys offers a free web-based dashboard to create an online vote with two options: majority vote, in which the option that gets the majority of votes wins, and cumulative vote, in which the voter has multiple votes that can be given to a single option or divided among several options. Cumulative voting is often used, for example, for committee elections where voters can support more than one candidate. Once a vote has been created on the Continue reading >>

How Blockchain Technology Can Prevent Voter Fraud

How Blockchain Technology Can Prevent Voter Fraud

How Blockchain Technology Can Prevent Voter Fraud By Joe Liebkind | October 5, 2017 12:39 PM EDT A Cryptocurrency Derivatives Boom Might Be On Its Way As a technology, blockchain is quickly becoming unrivaled. Though the internet has long been familiar with other peer-to-peer applications for file sharing, music streaming and more, the idea that these types of networks can provide their own security and resources has only been around since 2008. In the decade since its inception, blockchain was mostly tied to the success of the technology that created it, bitcoin. In recent years, however, it has quickly become a star on its own. With the rise of the worlds favorite cryptocurrency, awareness of the mysterious and unique technology behind it also grew. Developers who recognized the value of blockchain are now racing to create new use cases for it and put their ideas into production. Many are finding that blockchains primary value lies in its ability to improve old systems. Enterprising observers saw the technologys potential from the start, as bitcoin offered a more secure and transparent payment processing and banking solution than existing ones. In recent years, the same people have used blockchain to revolutionize industries far and wide, including cloud storage, smart contracts, crowdfunding, and even healthcare . However, one of the biggest problems that blockchains decentralized muscle can solve is voter fraud.(See also: How Ethereum Blockchain Can Solve Your Social Media Privacy Problem ) In its most basic form, blockchain is a digital ledger . The technology draws its power from the peersor nodeson its network to verify, process, and record all transactions across the system. This ledger is never stored, but rather exists on the chain supported by millions of no Continue reading >>

Can Blockchain Bring Voting Online?

Can Blockchain Bring Voting Online?

Blockchain has the potential to bring online voting to the mainstream, but some experts worry security concerns outweigh its potential benefits. Should somebody develop a means of conducting elections online that the nation finds acceptably secure and private, it could very well transform democracy for the better. It is the hope of those people working on such efforts and no stretch of the imagination to those who arent that online voting would mean more participation from a more representative portion of the people, faster results and even unchallengeable records of the outcome. The minor mountain standing in the way of this vision is, to simplify the issue, cybersecurity. The public is treated regularly to stories of vaunted, savvy organizations brought low at the hands of faceless hackers. The victims: Target, Sony, Equifax, LinkedIn, the U.S. Department of Defense, the U.S. Office of Personnel Management. When hackers hit Dyn, the service that helps browsers find websites, the East Coast effectively lost large pieces of the Internet. Blockchain: Is it a Transformative Tech for Government? Illinois Announces Key Partnership in Birth Registry Blockchain Pilot And then there was the hacking of the Democratic National Committee during the 2016 presidential campaign, followed by election system breaches in multiple states. The resulting political chaos has led some, such as U.S. Rep. Hank Johnson, D-Ga., to propose disconnecting voting machines from the Internet entirely. My recommendation, said Ron Rivest, a computer science professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for more than four decades, is to have all voting be done on paper. Why? Because paper inherently solves all the most pressing concerns about elections: It is secure from hackers because one ca Continue reading >>

Can Blockchain Technology Be Used In Securing Digital Voting? - Quora

Can Blockchain Technology Be Used In Securing Digital Voting? - Quora

Can blockchain technology be used in securing digital voting? I would be cautiously optimistic about doing it for a public voting system, and cautiously pessimistic for a secret voting system. (By public voting system, I mean an election where everyone know who voted what, while by secret voting system I mean an election like a government election where you know who voted and who did not, but not who voted for what). One thing cryptocurrencies and blockchain allow is called proof of publication. That means that you can create a proof that a certain information existed at a certain point in time. In Bitcoin, this is done using the OP_RETURN instruction of the transaction protocol, which allows you to add up to 80 bytes of information next to a financial transaction of your doing. Once the transaction is confirmed on the Bitcoin blockchain, anybody in the world can view these 80 bytes and confirm they have been published. You dont necessarily have to disclose a full document to the whole world to do a proof of publication. You can (and should) publish a hash of the document on the blockchain. That is, a cryptographical footprint of the document, a lot shorter that the full document, that can only be created from the document. Then anybody who has the document can locate the hash on the blockchain and confirm the document existed at the time of the publication on the blockchain. With these basics out of the way, lets get it on with a voting system ! Public voting system : this is just a matter for a voter to create a document (his vote) and publishing it (or its hash) on the blockchain. Anybody who want to count the result of the election can scan the blockchain to read all the votes. Anybody who wants to know the vote of a particular voter first have to know the cryptogr Continue reading >>

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