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Blockchain Technology Research Paper

Deutsche Bundesbank - Topics - Monthly Report: Bundesbank Sees Benefits In Blockchain Technology

Deutsche Bundesbank - Topics - Monthly Report: Bundesbank Sees Benefits In Blockchain Technology

Monthly Report: Bundesbank sees benefits in blockchain technology The Deutsche Bundesbanks latest Monthly Report looks at distributed ledger technology (DLT). The Bundesbank's experts investigate whether DLT, which was originally developed for the Bitcoin virtual currency, offers any potential for the financial sector. Their analysis focuses chiefly on what DLT might mean for payments and securities settlement. Payments hitherto have, for the most part, been settled using centralised architecture, where only a single authority that is considered trustworthy has the right to alter data such as account balances with legally binding effect. That authority, then, runs the ledger. In decentralised network models, meanwhile, multiple entities each of which have access to the information have the right to update data. DLT, on the other hand, uses a distributed database (a "distributed ledger") which gives every participant in the network ("nodes") the same rights to write, read and store data. "Potentially, DLT offers a number of benefits on account of the distributed storage of data, which can eliminate reconciliation processes associated with complex work-sharing value added chains," the Banks payment specialists write, adding that DLT might also improve transparency and potentially offer superior protection against cyber attacks. This is because DLT enables settlement to continue even if, for instance, one of the nodes failed or were blocked. The Bank's specialists do, however, also see a number of challenges. These include confidentiality issues, the need to establish the identity of users (which is especially important for tackling money laundering), and the question of how the assets transferred via the blockchain can be reliably matched with "real world" assets and by Continue reading >>

Exploring Blockchain Technology And Its Potential Applications For Education

Exploring Blockchain Technology And Its Potential Applications For Education

Exploring blockchain technology and its potential applications for education Blockchain is the core technology used to create the cryptocurrencies, like bitcoin. As part of the fourth industrial revolution since the invention of steam engine, electricity, and information technology, blockchain technology has been applied in many areas such as finance, judiciary, and commerce. The current paper focused on its potential educational applications and explored how blockchain technology can be used to solve some education problems. This article first introduced the features and advantages of blockchain technology following by exploring some of the current blockchain applications for education. Some innovative applications of using blockchain technology were proposed, and the benefits and challenges of using blockchain technology for education were also discussed. Blockchain is the core technology used to create the cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, through the maintenance of immutable distributed ledgers in thousands of nodes proposed by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2008 (Nakamoto 2008 ). It has been considered as part of the fourth industrial revolution since the invention of steam engine, electricity, and information technology (Chung and Kim 2016 ; Schwab 2017 ). This disruptive technology will have a significant impact on national governance, institutional functions, business operations, education, and our daily lives in the 21st century. It has the potential to transform the current Internet from The Internet of Information Sharing to The Internet of Value Exchange. Blockchain technology is expected to revolutionize the operating modes of commerce, industry, and education, as well as to promote the rapid development of knowledge-based economy on a global scale. Due to its immutability, t Continue reading >>

Special Issue On Cryptocurrency And Blockchain Technology

Special Issue On Cryptocurrency And Blockchain Technology

Special Issue on Cryptocurrency and Blockchain Technology Enter your login details below. If you do not already have an account you will need to register here . Due to migration of article submission systems, please check the status of your submitted manuscript in the relevant system below: Check the status of your submitted manuscript in EVISE Check the status of your submitted manuscript in EES: Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. CiteScore: 5.60 CiteScore measures the average citations received per document published in this title. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a given year (e.g. 2015) to documents published in three previous calendar years (e.g. 2012 14), divided by the number of documents in these three previous years (e.g. 2012 14). The Impact Factor measures the average number of citations received in a particular year by papers published in the journal during the two preceding years. 2016 Journal Citation Reports (Clarivate Analytics, 2017) 5-Year Impact Factor: 4.787 Five-Year Impact Factor: To calculate the five year Impact Factor, citations are counted in 2016 to the previous five years and divided by the source items published in the previous five years. 2016 Journal Citation Reports (Clarivate Analytics, 2017) Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): 3.383 Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): SNIP measures contextual citation impact by weighting citations based on the total number of citations in a subject field. SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): 1.151 SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): SJR is a prestige metric based on the idea that not all citations are the same. SJR uses a similar algorithm as the Google page rank; it provides a quantitative and a qualitativ Continue reading >>

Blockchain Technology For Improving Clinical Research Quality

Blockchain Technology For Improving Clinical Research Quality

Blockchain technology for improving clinical research quality 2Assistance Publique-Hpitaux de Paris, Centre dEpidmiologie Clinique, Hpital Htel-Dieu, Paris, France 3Universit Paris Descartes-Sorbonne Paris Cit, Paris, France 2Assistance Publique-Hpitaux de Paris, Centre dEpidmiologie Clinique, Hpital Htel-Dieu, Paris, France 3Universit Paris Descartes-Sorbonne Paris Cit, Paris, France 5Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York City, USA 2Assistance Publique-Hpitaux de Paris, Centre dEpidmiologie Clinique, Hpital Htel-Dieu, Paris, France 3Universit Paris Descartes-Sorbonne Paris Cit, Paris, France 5Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York City, USA Mehdi Benchoufi, Email: [email protected] . Received 2017 Jan 25; Accepted 2017 May 19. Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( ) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. Reproducibility, data sharing, personal data privacy concerns and patient enrolment in clinical trials are huge medical challenges for contemporary clinical research. A new technology, Blockchain, may be a key to addressing these challenges and should draw the attention of the whole clinical research community. Blockchain brings the Internet to its definitive decentralisation goal. The core principle of Blockchain is that any service relying on trust Continue reading >>

10 Must-read Fintech, Regtech And Blockchain Research Papers

10 Must-read Fintech, Regtech And Blockchain Research Papers

The Evolution of Fintech: A New Post-Crisis Paradigm? University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2015/047 Since 2008, a new era of fintech has emerged in both the developed and developing world. The latest evolution of fintech, led by startups, poses challenges for regulators and market participants alike, notably in balancing the potential benefits of innovation with the possible risks of new approaches. This research paper analyzes the evolution of fintech over the past 150 years, and on the basis of this analysis, argues against its too-early or rigid regulation at this juncture which could potentially stifle innovation. FinTech, RegTech and the Reconceptualization of Financial Regulation Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business, Forthcoming University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2016/035 To date. regtech has been focused on the digitization of manual reporting and compliance processes, an area thats offered tremendous cost savings to the financial services industry and regulators. But the potential of regtech is far greater. In particular, regtech has the potential to enable a close to real-time and proportionate regulatory regime that identifies and addresses risk while facilitating more efficient regulatory compliance. The research paper sets the foundation for a practical understanding of regtech and proposes several reforms that could benefit regulators, industry and entrepreneurs alike in the financial sector and other industries. The Emergence of the Global Fintech Market: Economic and Technological Determinants This paper investigates the economic and technological factors that push entrepreneurs to establish ventures with the purpose of reinventing financial services. It found that countries witness more fintech Continue reading >>

Github - Decrypto-org/blockchain-papers: A Curated List Of Academic Blockchain-related Papers

Github - Decrypto-org/blockchain-papers: A Curated List Of Academic Blockchain-related Papers

A curated list of academic blockchain-related papers A curated list of blockchain-related academic papers. SoK: Research Perspectives and Challenges for Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies . Bonneau J, Miller A, Clark J, Narayanan A, Kroll JA, Felten EW. S&P '15. A Review on Consensus Algorithm of Blockchain . Du Mingxiao, Ma Xiaofeng, Zhang Zhe, Wang Xiangwei, Chen Qijun. SMC '17. On the Security and Performance of Proof of Work Blockchains . Gervais A, Karame GO, Wst K, Glykantzis V, Ritzdorf H, Capkun S. CCS '16. Ouroboros Praos: An adaptively-secure, semi-synchronous proof-of-stake protocol . Bernardo D, Gazi P, Kiayias A, Russell A. Crypto '17. Refund attacks on Bitcoins Payment Protocol . McCorry P, Shahandashti S, Hao F. FC '16. Decentralized Prediction Market without Arbiter . Bentov I, Mizrahi A, Rosenfeld M. FC '17. Zerocoin: Anonymous distributed e-cash from bitcoin . Miers I, Garman C, Green M, Rubin AD. S&P '13. Zerocash: Decentralized anonymous payments from bitcoin . Sasson EB, Chiesa A, Garman C, Green M, Miers I, Tromer E, Virza M. S&P '14. Exchange Pattern Mining in the Bitcoin Transaction Directed Hypergraph . Ranshous S, Joslyn A, Kreyling S, Nowak K, Samatova N, West C, Winters C. FC '17. Confidential Assets . Poelstra A, Back A, Friedenbach M, Maxwell G, Wuille P. FC '17. CoinParty: Secure Multi-Party Mixing of Bitcoins . Ziegeldorf, J.H., Grossmann, F., Henze, M., Inden, N. and Wehrle, K. CODASPY '15. Enabling Blockchain Innovations with Pegged Sidechains . Back A, Corallo M, Dashjr L, Friedenbach M, Maxwell G, Miller A, Poelstra A, Timn J, Wuille P. '14. "Deployable Lightning": Reaching The Ground With Lightning . Russell R. '15. Bitcoin-NG: A Scalable Blockchain Protocol . Eyal I, Gencer AE, Sirer EG, Van Renesse R. USENIX '16. Teechan: Payment Channe Continue reading >>

The Three Key Things You Need To Know About Blockchain Technology

The Three Key Things You Need To Know About Blockchain Technology

The three key things you need to know about blockchain technology The three key things you need to know about blockchain technology Blockchain is a form of distributed ledger technology that burst onto the scene when cryptocurrency bitcoin was introduced PUBLISHED : Monday, 25 September, 2017, 7:32am UPDATED : Wednesday, 27 September, 2017, 7:10am AI explainer: what you need to know before the machines take over In the field of accounting, a ledger represents the principal book or record that provides a permanent summary of all transactions based on currency or other unit of account. It has separate columns for debit and credit, as well as a starting and ending balance for each account. These have existed for thousands of years, arising from the time when people started trading goods and services, and needed to keep records of transactions. A so-called distributed ledger is collectively maintained by all those taking part in such a system, rather than by one central authority or clearing house. Whenever a transaction takes place, this information is shared between system participants and added as a new ledger entry. Blockchain, a form of distributed ledger technology, burst onto the scene when cryptocurrency bitcoin was introduced by its pseudonymous inventor, Satoshi Nakamoto, through a technical paper published in October 2008. Information for this explainer was gathered from an interview with Paul Tomes and Nick Murray, the co-founders of start-up PassKit, and from a Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute white paper on blockchain, which was commissioned by the Hong Kong Monetary Authority. Simply put, a blockchain is a distributed online database of transactions that multiple parties share and everyone can trust. Each participant in this blockc Continue reading >>

Research > Blockchain

Research > Blockchain

Exponential technologies have incredible impacts on our society. They re-imagine the world in ways that inspire and surprise us. Every year, from transaction growth, to new users coming online, the bitcoin network, and the block chain have been doubling in size. Blockchain is committed to bringing block chain technology and the power of open finance to every corner of the world. And were dedicated to leading research that helps us to better understand this technologys impact on the broader world. Blockchain is committed to bringing block chain technology and the power of open finance to every corner of the world. And we're dedicated to leading research that helps us to better understand this technology's impact on the broader world. The Future is Decentralised: Block Chains, Distributed Ledgers, & the Future of Sustainable Development The potential of block chains to disrupt industrial sectors, commercial processes, governmental structures, or economic systems knows no bounds. Our R&D team is pioneering advancement in block chain technology. The team most recently unveiled the first prototype of a revolutionary payment channel, called Thunder. The technology enables users and vendors to send and receive payments without touching the main block chain. Even in the prototype phase, Thunder has the potential to facilitate secure, trustless and nearly instant payments, unleash the power of microtransactions and allow the network to handle heavy loads, and increase user privacy. Blockchain recently partnered with the Centre for Cryptocurrency Research and Engineering (IC3RE) at Imperial College London to launch the Digital Asset Research Lab, a leading international centre for ongoing research and application activity related to cryptocurrency and block chain technology. Continue reading >>

Blockchain | Idrc - International Development Research Centre

Blockchain | Idrc - International Development Research Centre

Unpacking the disruptive potential of blockchain technology for human development. In the scramble to harness new technologies to propel innovation around the world, artificial intelligence, robotics, machine learning, and blockchain technologies are being explored and deployed in a wide variety of contexts globally. Although blockchain is one of the most hyped of these new technologies, it is also perhaps the least understood. Blockchain is the distributed ledger a database that is shared across multiple sites or institutions to furnish a secure and transparent record of events occurring during the provision of a service or contract that supports cryptocurrencies (digital assets designed to work as mediums of exchange). Blockchain is now underpinning applications such as land registries and identity services, but as its popularity grows, its relevance in addressing socio-economic gaps and supporting development targets like the globally-recognized UN Sustainable Development Goals is critical to unpack. Moreover, for countries in the global South that want to be more than just end users or consumers, the complex infrastructure requirements and operating costs of blockchain could prove challenging. For the purposes of real development, we need to not only understand how blockchain is workable, but also who is able to harness it to foster social inclusion and promote democratic governance. This white paper explores the potential of blockchain technology to support human development. It provides a non-technical overview, illustrates a range of applications, and offers a series of conclusions and recommendations for additional research and potential development programming. The blockchain is a decentralized ledger that sequentially records transactions or interactions amon Continue reading >>

Research Papers - Ucl Blockchain

Research Papers - Ucl Blockchain

Partnerships, Information And Public Safety: Community Policing In A Time Of Terror Abstract Crime, Policing and Citizenship (CPC) Space-Time Interactions of Dynamic Networks has been a major UK EPSRC-funded research project. It has been a multidisciplinary collaboration of geoinfor-matics, crime science,... Read More Learning Shared Representations In Multi-Task Reinforcement Learning Abstract We investigate a paradigm in multi-task reinforcement learning (MT-RL) in which an agent is placed in an environment and needs to learn to perform a series of tasks, within... Read More Leveraging Clincal Data To Enhance Localization Of Brain Atrophy Abstract Sparse Canonical Correlation Analysis (SCCA) has been proposed to find pairs of sparse weight vectors that maximize correlations between sets of paired variables. This is done by computing one... Read More Computational Analysis Of Stochastic Heterogeneity In PCR Amplification Efficiency Revealed By Single Molecule Barcoding Abstract The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is one of the most widely used techniques in molecular biology. In combination with High Throughput Sequencing (HTS), PCR is widely used to quantify... Read More Multivariate Effect Ranking Via Adaptive Sparse PLS Abstract Unsupervised learning approaches, such as Sparse Partial Least Squares (SPLS), may provide useful insights into the brain mechanisms by finding relationships between two sets of variables (i.e. Views) from... Read More Experimental Computational Simulation For Algorithmic Trading Abstract This thesis investigates experimental Computational Simulation Environments for Computational Finance that for the purpose of this study focused on Algorithmic Trading (AT) models and their risk. Within Computational Finance,... Read More On Splitting A Po Continue reading >>

The Best Blockchain Research Papers, Q2 2016

The Best Blockchain Research Papers, Q2 2016

Home / Blockchain / The best blockchain research papers, Q2 2016 The best blockchain research papers, Q2 2016 Ive published a few summaries of the best of blockchain research earlier this year ( February and March ). Theres been a load more since, butBrave New Coinhas curated a nice summary of all those that came out in the last quarter. As they publish my content sometimes, here is their list (click on the titles to see the reports): Blockchain And The Law: Practical Implications Of A Revolutionary Technology For Financial Markets And Beyond This paper looks into how Blockchain Technology is affecting the financial landscape, and what should you know about the legal challenges surrounding it. Banking in a world of programmable assets The Bitcoin cryptocurrency has been making headlines for several years. But in recent months the focus has widened to the broader potential of the blockchain technology that underpins itincluding the creation of distributed consensus ledgers (DCLs). Now the focus has shifted again, to the implications blockchain brings for financial assets in general. Distributed ledger technologies in securities post-trading This paper analyses the main features of DLTs that could influence their adoption by financial institutions and discusses how use of these technologies could affect the European post-trade market for securities. A brave new world? What impact will distributed ledger technology have on the financial industry? One of the more recent technological developments that holds potential for the financial industry is distributed ledger technology, or DLT. This article looks briefly at what exactly this new technology is and what the potential implications are for Europes financial market infrastructure. The Use of Distributed Ledger Technologi Continue reading >>

2016 Brave New Coin

2016 Brave New Coin

The purpose of the study is to identify practical uses for blockchain technology in wholesale insurance. Practical means having high value to individual firms and relatively low barriers to implementation, without requiring widespread industry consensus or regulatory change. The Macroeconomics of Central Bank Issued Digital Currencies July 2016| Bank of England -Staff Working Paper No. 605 This paper studies the macroeconomic consequences of a central bank granting universal, electronic, 24x7, national-currency-denominated and interest-bearing access to its balance sheet via the issuance, according to well-specified policy rules, of a central bank digital currency (CBDC). To study this issue we use a monetary-financial DSGE model, calibrated to match the United States in the pre-crisis period, that models CBDC as an imperfect substitute for bank deposits in the provision of monetary transaction services, and that models bank deposits as being created through loans or asset purchases as in Jakab and Kumhof (2015). Distributed Ledgers in Payments: Beyond the Bitcoin Hype July 2016| Bain Brief -Glen Williams, David Gunn, Eduardo Roma and Bharat Bansal The report spends time describing established technologies, that distributed ledgers combine. The block chain, Digital signatures, A consensus mechanism, and A digital currency. T2S has been subject to a number of delays over the last few years although deadlines are fast approaching. The ECB highlights migration of CSDs onto the T2S platform will occur in waves and has been doing so since June 2015. The final wave of CSDs located in countries including the Baltics, Finland and Spain will be migrated onto T2S on September 18, 2017. However, some hypothesise whether blockchains evolution and implementation in the securities s Continue reading >>

The 15 Best Blockchain Research Papers, Q2 2016

The 15 Best Blockchain Research Papers, Q2 2016

The 15 Best Blockchain Research Papers, Q2 2016 Ive published a few summaries of the best of blockchain research earlier this year ( February and March ). Theres been a load more since, butBrave New Coinhas curated a nice summary of all those that came out in the last quarter. As they publish my content sometimes, here is their list (click on the titles to see the reports): Blockchain And The Law: Practical Implications Of A Revolutionary Technology For Financial Markets And Beyond This paper looks into how Blockchain Technology is affecting the financial landscape, and what should you know about the legal challenges surrounding it. Banking in a world of programmable assets The Bitcoin cryptocurrency has been making headlines for several years. But in recent months the focus has widened to the broader potential of the blockchain technology that underpins itincluding the creation of distributed consensus ledgers (DCLs). Now the focus has shifted again, to the implications blockchain brings for financial assets in general. Distributed ledger technologies in securities post-trading This paper analyses the main features of DLTs that could influence their adoption by financial institutions and discusses how use of these technologies could affect the European post-trade market for securities. A brave new world? What impact will distributed ledger technology have on the financial industry? One of the more recent technological developments that holds potential for the financial industry is distributed ledger technology, or DLT. This article looks briefly at what exactly this new technology is and what the potential implications are for Europes financial market infrastructure. The Use of Distributed Ledger Technologies in Payment, Clearing, and Settlement April 2016|US federal Continue reading >>

Blockchain: Future Of Financial And Cyber Security

Blockchain: Future Of Financial And Cyber Security

Blockchain: Future of financial and cyber security Abstract: Blockchain is a decentralized ledger used to securely exchange digital currency, perform deals and transactions. Each member of the network has access to the latest copy of encrypted ledger so that they can validate a new transaction. Blockchain ledger is a collection of all Bitcoin transactions executed in the past. Basically, it's a distributed database which maintains a continuously growing tamper proof data structure blocks which holds batches of individual transactions. The completed blocks are added in a linear and chronological order. Each block contains a timestamp and information link which points to a previous block. Bitcoin is peer-to-peer permission-less network which allows every user to connect to the network and send new transaction to verify and create new blocks. Satoshi Nakamoto described design of Bitcoin digital currency in his research paper posted to cryptography listserv in 2008. Nakamoto's suggestion has solved long pending problem of cryptographers and laid the foundation stone for digital currency. This paper explains the concept, characteristics, need of Blockchain and how Bitcoin works. It attempts to highlights role of Blockchain in shaping the future of banking, financial institutions and adoption of Internet of Things(IoT). Continue reading >>

Market Design With Blockchain Technology

Market Design With Blockchain Technology

Blockchain or, more generally, distributed ledger technology allows to create a decentralized digital ledger of transactions and to share it among a network of computers. In this paper, we argue that the implementation of this technology in financial markets offers investors new options for managing the degree of transparency of their holdings and their trading intentions. We first identify two intrinsic features of a distributed ledger that impact the availability of these new options, namely the mapping between identifiers and end-investors and the degree of transparency of the ledger, and we then examine how the implementation design of these critical features affects investor trading behavior, trading costs, and investor welfare, in a theoretical model of intermediated and peer-to-peer trading. The most transparent setting yields the highest investor welfare, despite the risk of front-running. In the absence of full transparency, welfare is weakly higher if investors are allowed to split their holdings among many identifiers. Keywords: market design, trading, blockhchain, distributed ledger, transparency JEL Classification: G00, G18, G19, G29, D47, G14 Malinova, Katya and Park, Andreas, Market Design with Blockchain Technology (July 26, 2017). Available at SSRN: or Continue reading >>

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