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Blockchain Research Topics

Blockchain - Ibm Research

Blockchain - Ibm Research

IBM Research is using blockchain to re-imagine fundamental business processes and invent new styles of secure digital interaction that will change the way the world works. IBM to Open Blockchain Innovation Center in Singapore to Accelerate Blockchain Adoption for Finance and Trade Learn more IBM researchers are working with clients, governments and academics to design and develop blockchain solutions that create trust and remove frictions inhibiting business. We're building networks to simplify and secure all types of digital transactions, from financial exchanges, supply chains, IoT and risk management to digital rights management and healthcare. To help developers quickly begin exploring the use of blockchain in the enterprise, IBM made nearly 44,000 lines of code developed by IBM researchers, software developers and technical architects available to the open source Hyperledger Project. IBM is among more than 90 companies supporting the Hyperledger Project, a nonprofit organization openly-governed by the Linux Foundation and dedicated to advancing blockchain technology. IBM Global Financing operates a channel financing network of more than 4,000 suppliers and partners worldwide, generating 3 million transactions a year. IBM researchers are using blockchain to move transaction information dispersed between parties onto one distributed ledger visible to all involved. The outcome: a significant reduction in the number of disputes, dispute cycle time and more productive use of working capital. Scientists from IBM Research are working alongside top talent from Tsinghua University and Walmart to use blockchain to improve the way food is tracked, transported and sold to consumers across China. Using IBM Blockchain based on the Hyperledger Project, the collaboration will hel Continue reading >>

3 Big Blockchain Ideas Mit Is Working On Right Now

3 Big Blockchain Ideas Mit Is Working On Right Now

3 Big Blockchain Ideas MIT is Working on Right Now Feb 17, 2017 at 14:30 UTC|UpdatedMay 19, 2017 at 18:26 UTC When one of the world's most prestigious universities announces it will explore a controversial and often misunderstood subject best known for piquing the interests of thieves and speculators, people tend to take notice. That's what happened in July 2015, when the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) revealed it would embark on its Digital Currency Initiative (DCI)- led by a former White House advisor, no less. Work on the multifaceted world of blockchain tech now sits easilyalongside transparent robots that eat real-world fish , solar nebula research, and otherimaginative, futuristic projectsin progress at the university. Part of MIT's Media Lab, DCI now has a team of 22 peopleand at least seven ongoingresearch projects, and it nurtures three startups that use cryptocurrencies and their underlying technology in a variety of ways. To date, the initiativehas funded the work of bitcoin protocol developers, and has supported a rangeof research, going beyond bitcoin todevelop enterprise data projects. DCI research director Neha Narula, who helps drive theinitiative, told CoinDesk: "We're doing a lot of things -- too many things, arguably." In this feature, CoinDesk looks at several notable DCI projects,spanning from how bitcoin's underlying technology can (or can't) shape the internet,to whether it can be augmented to offer moreconfidential yet auditable transactions. Among the grand ambitions of blockchain developers, there's perhaps no use case bigger than the idea the tech could one dayreinvent the World Wide Web on which its payments now ride. It's no surprise then, that here, MIT isexploring how the technology might be applied to problems in online publ Continue reading >>

What Are Some Possible Research Topics About Blockchain?

What Are Some Possible Research Topics About Blockchain?

Some of the research topics being actively researched are: Constructive technologies for block chain Application for blockchain (For e.g. Financial, Intangible assets, Public and private records etc.) If you want to know where the research in Blockchain is heading you can read: Patent Landscape Report on Blockchain by PatSeer Pro The report will give you glimpse on Intellectual property trends and filings being done by companies and institutions active in this technology area Aadhi , Venture Analyst at Dell Technologies (2017-present) Answered 55w ago Author has 69 answers and 38.6k answer views I personally think that the most interesting topic right now is smart contracts and what they could enable us to do. The space is still nascent enough that all the use cases haven't been fleshed out. My interest currently is any possible use case in digitizing real estate assets and automating their transfer through smart contracts. Real estate is a massive industry that is still ripe for disruption and I believe the proliferation of smart contracts could be a game changer. Either way, let me know what you end up writing about! 2.9k Views View Upvoters Answer requested by Seomarketing , studied at Master of Science in Computer Science Answered 18w ago Author has 174 answers and 76.3k answer views RQ1: What research topics have been addressed in current research on Blockchain? The main research question of this mapping study is to understand the current research topics on Blockchain. By collecting all the relevant papers from scientific databases, we would be able to create an overall understanding of Blockchain research and map the current research areas. Mapping the current research done on Blockchain technology will help other researchers and practitioners to gain better unde Continue reading >>

Blockchain.mit.edu

Blockchain.mit.edu

MIT NewS: "Bitcoin study: Period of exclusivity encourages early adopters" "Giving early adopters the first access to new technologies can help diffuse those technologies among the masses. A notable example is Googles rollout of Gmail: In 2004, about 1,000 select users were given exclusive access and told to invite others. This campaign was so successful that..." by Christian Catalini (MIT Sloan) and Catherine Tucker (MIT Sloan) In October 2014, all 4,494 undergraduates at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology were given access to Bitcoin, a decentralized digital currency. As a unique feature of the experiment, students who would generally adopt first were placed in a situation where many of their peers received access to the technology before them, and they then had to decide whether to continue to invest in this digital currency or exit. Our results suggest that when natural early adopters are delayed relative to their peers, they are more likely to reject the technology. We present further evidence that this appears to be driven by identity, in that the effect occurs in situations where natural early adopters' delay relative to others is most visible, and in settings where the natural early adopters would have been somewhat unique in their tech-savvy status. We then show not only that natural early adopters are more likely to reject the technology if they are delayed, but that this rejection generates spillovers on adoption by their peers who are not natural early adopters. This suggests that small changes in the initial availability of a technology have a lasting effect on its potential: Seeding a technology while ignoring early adopters' needs for distinctiveness is counterproductive. by Christian Catalini (MIT Sloan) and Joshua S. Gans (University of Toronto) Continue reading >>

Where Is Current Research On Blockchain Technology?a Systematic Review

Where Is Current Research On Blockchain Technology?a Systematic Review

Where Is Current Research on Blockchain Technology?A Systematic Review Affiliation: Dept. of Innovation and Software, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland Affiliation: Dept. of Computer Science & Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea Affiliation: Dept. of Computer Science & Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea Affiliation: Dept. of Computer Science, Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland Blockchain is a decentralized transaction and data management technology developed first for Bitcoin cryptocurrency. The interest in Blockchain technology has been increasing since the idea was coined in 2008. The reason for the interest in Blockchain is its central attributes that provide security, anonymity and data integrity without any third party organization in control of the transactions, and therefore it creates interesting research areas, especially from the perspective of technical challenges and limitations. In this research, we have conducted a systematic mapping study with the goal of collecting all relevant research on Blockchain technology. Our objective is to understand the current research topics, challenges and future directions regarding Blockchain technology from the technical perspective. We have extracted 41 primary papers from scientific databases. The results show that focus in over 80% of the papers is on Bitcoin system and less than 20% deals with other Blockchain applications including e.g. smart contracts and licensing. The majority of research is focusing on revealing and improving limitations of Blockchain from privacy and security perspectives, but many of the proposed solutions lack concrete evaluation on their effectiveness. Many other Blockchain scalability related challenges including throughput and late Continue reading >>

Blockchain

Blockchain

Blockchain promises to do for transactions what the internet did for information. Basically, anything of value, whether tangible or intangible i.e., money, land, intellectual property or identity can be represented digitally on a blockchain and be moved, stored and managed securely. Trust is established through clever code and peer consensus. Blockchain can eliminate inefficiencies by cutting out intermediaries and directly connecting the parties that are exchanging items of value. It can profoundly change the way we interact and operate today. Before blockchain technology can take hold, however, people and organizations need to get educated about it, and there are still plenty of technology and business issues to overcome. The adoption process will likely be gradual and steady. It is similar to the internet in its first phase complex and incomprehensible for most, but with huge potential for the future. The path to self-sovereign digital identity starts with blockchain Blockchain technology is being praised for its potential to reduce inefficiencies and address cost- and security-related friction in a wide range of application areas, and digital identity management represents a key potential application of blockchain. Continue reading >>

Research Questions And Objectives

Research Questions And Objectives

It is hard to predict how an emerging technology will be used, and what impact it will have on us, on our cultures, societies, institutions, practices. Few, if any foresaw the impact computers and digital networks (Bush 1945), or the types of policy, and regulatory challenges electronic communication technologies brought forward (de Sola Pool 1983). Yet, enduring regulatory, social or economic crises (such as the collapse of the music market due to the emergence of p2p file sharing, or the collapse of online privacy due to ubiquitous online state surveillance and commercial dataveillance) should warn us that without the early engagement of scientific and policy research, the unexpected, often undesirable consequences of rapid technological developments cannot be addressed, let alone mitigated. Learning from these recent mistakes, this project defined three interlocking research questions (RQs) to study the diffusion of blockchain technology in our societies, and define policy tools to address their potential disruptive effects. RQ1: What internal factors contribute to the success of a blockchain application? In order to understand how blockchain technology may affect the wider social, economic, political, cultural domains it penetrates, we first need to understand what it is: how it is internally governed, and how the different social, political, technological, formal and informal governance layers construct the techno-social assemblage we identify as a particular blockchain application (Epstein, Katzenbach, and Musiani 2016; Hofmann, Katzenbach, and Gollatz 2016; Mueller 2010; Musiani et al. 2016). There is a huge degree of variance among the countless blockchain applications. Blockchain implementations differ in the technical characteristics of the technology, in the Continue reading >>

Research Challenges And Opportunities In Security And Privacy Of Blockchain Technologies

Research Challenges And Opportunities In Security And Privacy Of Blockchain Technologies

Research Challenges and Opportunities in Security and Privacy of Blockchain Technologies invites manuscript submissions in the area of Research Challenges and Opportunities in Security and Privacy of Blockchain Technologies. Blockchain is an increasingly popular networking technology for streamlining business processes, which uses a peer-to-peer (P2P) network. In other words, no central authority (e.g. traditional financial institution) is required to conduct a transaction. Due to the decentralized nature, blockchain allows one to undertake and verify transactions in real-time. In recent times, many applications based on the blockchain technology have been proposed. One such popular real-world example application is Bitcoin. However, there are underlying security and privacy issues. For example, once a public key has been linked with an individuals identity, one could browse previous transactions on the blockchain and view all transactions associated with the particular public key. One key research challenge is how to balance security and privacy of an individual with accountability. For example, how can we allow the tracing of illegal activities or users (e.g. money laundering and cybercrime) without breaking the decentralization property of the system? This Special Section in IEEE Access solicits state-of-the-art technical research results and survey on secure and privacy-preserving blockchain technology, as well as novel applications providing security and privacy-preserving features/functionalities in the blockchain technology. Applications of Blockchain Technologies (e.g. Critical Infrastructures) Blockchain Technology Forensics (and Anti-Forensics) Economic Aspects of Blockchain Technologies Implementation of Secure Application System We also highly recommend the Continue reading >>

The 15 Best Blockchain Research Papers, Q2 2016

The 15 Best Blockchain Research Papers, Q2 2016

The 15 Best Blockchain Research Papers, Q2 2016 July 06, 2016, 07:37:16 PM EDT By Chris Skinner, IRIS-xyz I've published a few summaries of the best of blockchain research earlier this year ( February and March ). There's been a load more since, butBrave New Coinhas curated a nice summary of all those that came out in the last quarter. As they publish my content sometimes, here is their list (click on the titles to see the reports): Blockchain And The Law: Practical Implications Of A Revolutionary Technology For Financial Markets And Beyond This paper looks into how Blockchain Technology is affecting the financial landscape, and what should you know about the legal challenges surrounding it. Banking in a world of programmable assets The Bitcoin cryptocurrency has been making headlines for several years. But in recent months the focus has widened to the broader potential of the blockchain technology that underpins it-including the creation of distributed consensus ledgers (DCLs). Now the focus has shifted again, to the implications blockchain brings for financial assets in general. Distributed ledger technologies in securities post-trading This paper analyses the main features of DLTs that could influence their adoption by financial institutions and discusses how use of these technologies could affect the European post-trade market for securities. A brave new world? What impact will distributed ledger technology have on the financial industry? One of the more recent technological developments that holds potential for the financial industry is distributed ledger technology, or DLT. This article looks briefly at what exactly this new technology is and what the potential implications are for Europe's financial market infrastructure. The Use of Distributed Ledger Technologi Continue reading >>

Where Is Current Research On Blockchain Technology?a Systematic Review

Where Is Current Research On Blockchain Technology?a Systematic Review

Where Is Current Research on Blockchain Technology?A Systematic Review 1Dept. of Innovation and Software, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland 2Dept. of Computer Science & Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea 3Dept. of Computer Science, Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland 4Sogang Institute of Advanced Technology, Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Received 2016 May 10; Accepted 2016 Sep 9. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Blockchain is a decentralized transaction and data management technology developed first for Bitcoin cryptocurrency. The interest in Blockchain technology has been increasing since the idea was coined in 2008. The reason for the interest in Blockchain is its central attributes that provide security, anonymity and data integrity without any third party organization in control of the transactions, and therefore it creates interesting research areas, especially from the perspective of technical challenges and limitations. In this research, we have conducted a systematic mapping study with the goal of collecting all relevant research on Blockchain technology. Our objective is to understand the current research topics, challenges and future directions regarding Blockchain technology from the technical perspective. We have extracted 41 primary papers from scientific databases. The results show that focus in over 80% of the papers is on Bitcoin system and less than 20% deals with othe Continue reading >>

Github - Scanate/research: Non-technical Blockchain Research Topics

Github - Scanate/research: Non-technical Blockchain Research Topics

Feel free to submit a pull request to add a new research topic Started by Vlad Zamfir's Tweet: What are the ethical 'guidelines' for using the Blockchain? Are they individualistic or collectivist?The fact that forks have to be collectively adopted points to the latter. But of course individuals can use the blockchain unethically. So we need both! What is the blockchain and it's community, in legal terms? What are limits to the law due to jursidictional questions? What is the power and role of regulation in Blockchain technology (if any). What is the optimal for blockchain governance? What is the role of community consensus? Soft forks or hard forks? What is the tradeoff between having explicit rules and processes versus ad-hoc processes? How can we visualize the latter? What is the scope of the governance problem? Only tech upgrades? Or maybe also intervention with consensus (e.g. the DAO). What is the cost of governance? What are the tradeoffs between high and low cost governance? How can governance process be secured from manipulation? How can a governance process guarantee the representation of clients + 3rd parties? Can you have good governance without a polity (citizens) to receive signals from? i.e, Do we need reliable identification and reputation systems for governance? What is the role of the blockchain in society? Reducing transaction costs? Providing trusted services? Circumventing systems of control? Continue reading >>

Current Blockchain Hot Topics In Research

Current Blockchain Hot Topics In Research

Current blockchain hot topics in research I'm looking for a research project for my master thesis in software engineering and computer science and i'm willing to research the blockchain technology. What are the current open issues and/or hot topics regard blockchains? EDIT: I can see my question is way too generic, i just wanted to specify i read about 20 papers on the topic and i'm more concerned about the dencentralization aspect of it. I think it's scalability. The cost to generate a block is getting more and more expensive. Couple months ago, CryptoKitties caused Ethereum network congestion due to the surge of transactions. For real world application, I think blockchain must be able to handle high volume of transaction. This can be achieved by reducing the cost to generate a block. AFAIK, some blockchains are developing proof-of-stake algorithms replace the old proof-of-work one. You may interested in Ouroboros proof-of-stake algorithm , which is implemented by Cardano. Ethereum is also working on their own implementation - Casper Continue reading >>

10 Must-read Fintech, Regtech And Blockchain Research Papers

10 Must-read Fintech, Regtech And Blockchain Research Papers

The Evolution of Fintech: A New Post-Crisis Paradigm? University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2015/047 Since 2008, a new era of fintech has emerged in both the developed and developing world. The latest evolution of fintech, led by startups, poses challenges for regulators and market participants alike, notably in balancing the potential benefits of innovation with the possible risks of new approaches. This research paper analyzes the evolution of fintech over the past 150 years, and on the basis of this analysis, argues against its too-early or rigid regulation at this juncture which could potentially stifle innovation. FinTech, RegTech and the Reconceptualization of Financial Regulation Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business, Forthcoming University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2016/035 To date. regtech has been focused on the digitization of manual reporting and compliance processes, an area thats offered tremendous cost savings to the financial services industry and regulators. But the potential of regtech is far greater. In particular, regtech has the potential to enable a close to real-time and proportionate regulatory regime that identifies and addresses risk while facilitating more efficient regulatory compliance. The research paper sets the foundation for a practical understanding of regtech and proposes several reforms that could benefit regulators, industry and entrepreneurs alike in the financial sector and other industries. The Emergence of the Global Fintech Market: Economic and Technological Determinants This paper investigates the economic and technological factors that push entrepreneurs to establish ventures with the purpose of reinventing financial services. It found that countries witness more fintech Continue reading >>

Blockchain News, Research And Analysis The Conversation Page 1

Blockchain News, Research And Analysis The Conversation Page 1

This episode is all about bitcoin. Will it be the currency of the future? Whos trying to capitalise on the legal loopholes of cryptocurrencies? And is it possible to make mining them more green. Whats the best way to secure a world of connected objects? Wilgengebroed Using blockchain to secure the internet ofthings Nir Kshetri , University of North Carolina Greensboro More connected devices means more vulnerability to cyberattacks. Is there a cheap, easy and secure way to protect the internet and the world? Blockchain technology has turned conventional thinking about intellectual property and copyright on its head. from www.shutterstock.com Desn Masie , University of the Witwatersrand While sovereign governments need to develop coherent frameworks to regulate cryptocurrency, permanent solutions will be found through international co-operation. Genetic data is used to perform statistical analyses of disease associations. Shutterstock New cryptocurrencies could let you control and sell access to your DNAdata Caitlin Curtis , The University of Queensland and James Hereward , The University of Queensland DNA marketplaces powered by the blockchain and new cryptocurrency tokens promise to let you profit from your own genome. A call to better track manufacturing, shipping and distribution. Travel mania/Shutterstock.com Flaws in manufacturing processes can cause chip flaws like Spectre and Meltdown and blockchain technology may offer a solution. A Dogecoin, featuring the likeness of a Shiba Inu dog. Shutterstock Cryptocurrencies encompass a wide range of technologies, communities and uses. Not all of them are taken seriously. For the global tuna industry, which has historically struggled with illegal and environmentally dubious fishing practices, the use of blockchain could be Continue reading >>

Research Topics For Bitcoin/crytocurrency : Bitcoin

Research Topics For Bitcoin/crytocurrency : Bitcoin

Do not use URL shortening services: always submit the real link. Begging/asking for bitcoins is absolutely not allowed, no matter how badly you need the bitcoins. Only requests for donations to large, recognized charities are allowed, and only if there is good reason to believe that the person accepting bitcoins on behalf of the charity is trustworthy. News articles that do not contain the word "Bitcoin" are usually off-topic. This subreddit is not about general financial news. Submissions that are mostly about some other cryptocurrency belong elsewhere. For example, /r/CryptoCurrency is a good place to discuss all cryptocurrencies. Promotion of client software which attempts to alter the Bitcoin protocol without overwhelming consensus is not permitted. Trades should usually not be advertised here. For example, submissions like "Buying 100 BTC" or "Selling my computer for bitcoins" do not belong here. /r/Bitcoin is primarily for news and discussion. Please avoid repetition /r/bitcoin is a subreddit devoted to new information and discussion about Bitcoin and its ecosystem. New merchants are welcome to announce their services for Bitcoin, but after those have been announced they are no longer news and should not be re-posted. Aside from new merchant announcements, those interested in advertising to our audience should consider Reddit's self-serve advertising system . Do not post your Bitcoin address unless someone explicitly asks you to. Be aware that Twitter, etc. is full of impersonation. Continue reading >>

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